Select Currency
Translate this page

THE IMPACT OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS ON WORKER’S PERFORMANCE

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  431 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

THE IMPACT OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS ON WORKER’S PERFORMANCE

 

ABSTRACT

This research examined the Impact of Occupational Stress on Worker’s Performance with special reference to Neimenth International Pharmaceuticals Plc. The research adopted survey research design. Data were gathered through primary source with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was adopted in the selection of sample, this was used to eliminate biasness in the selection process of the respondents. Data garnered were presented on table using percentage and the formulated hypotheses were analysed with the used of Chi-square statistical method. The result of the analysis shows that there is significant relationship between deadlines and stress. Also, there is significant relationship between working conditions and productivity of employees. And there is significant relationship between job insecurity and stress. Based on the conclusion of the analysis recommendations were proffered to the staff and management of Neimenth International Pharmaceuticals Plc.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Productivity refers to the measure of efficiency of a given input in producing a given output. Productivity improvement in the large society or organization has of recent generated much attention and concern. The success of failure of failure of an organization largely depend on its level of productivity which may be high or low depending on several factor (Irukwu, 2001). Schular (1981), defined stress as  “ dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint or  demand related to what he or she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both certain and important.

The inter-relationship between the mind and the body is well known as well as the link between stress and the human health. It is pertinent to know that not all stress can be both negative and positive and have both effects is bad. Stress can be both negative and positive and have both effects respectively. Infact stress is essential for human survival. A minimum amount of stress does not discriminate by sex, age or class. It affects everyone in all classes of the society. People in organizations experience a lot of demand and pressure. These demand and pressure are often conflicting. Pressure emerges everyday in the course of work which causes a lot of stress on people. It is therefore necessary to understand the nature of stress, how people respond to it, its consequences and how control or manage it.

According to Oharei and Odejide, 1991 Stress can be seen as “the biological response to events that threatens to overwhelm the individual capacity to cope satisfactorily in the environment.  It can also be seen that there is a potential for stress when an environment is perceived as presenting a demand that threatens to exceed the person’s capabilities and resources for meeting it under conditions here he expected a substantial differential in the regards and cost from meeting the demand versus not meeting it.  This is to say that the causes of stress can be found not only within the environment but also within the individual.  In the addition, the interaction of both can cause stress.

Green etal, (1990), defined psychological stress as a “particular relationship between a person and the environment that is appraised or perceived by the person as taking exceeding his or her resources and endangering his or her well-being.  The perception of stress is the part to whether the person or individual experiences stress or not.  This is the treason why what an individual considers as stress may not be stress to the other person.

Cooper and Marshal (1976), defined occupational stress as negative environmental factors or stress associated with a particular job.  Stress is very common in the workplace than in other aspect of life.  However, it is pertinent to know that the work environment can pose as a danger to the health and well being or workers.  Satter et al, 1990 stated that “the work environment is a threat or risk factor with regards to the physical health and safety of workers.   Occupational stress may result due to lack of co-operation or harmony between a worker and his work environment.  The work environment an individual is exposed to have a relative effect on his health, social and psychological needs and also to enhance the quality of life of such a person.

The adverse effects of occupational stress can lead to either Behavioural, Psychological or even semantic problems.  Responses to such behaviour could be insomnia, dizziness, fatigue, headache, frustration, anger, fear, aggression, hyperactivity etc.  Other possible response of long term stress could be arthritis, ulcer, and constipation, susceptibility to disease or infection, backaches, heart problems, appetite loss, indigestion, increased blood pressure.  These physical disorders would culminate in some familiar emotional problems such as marital strife, sexual problems, excessive drinking, and eating junk food instead of meals.

As mentioned earlier the anxiety on the part of workers to meet up with expectations or target put them under so much pressure which will eventually lead to stress and consequently inadequate performance.  Several other factors causes occupational stress such as work overload, Role conflict Deadlines, Poor working conditions, it is however important for individuals to know about personal stress control or management and also 5the organization to put in place mechanism for organizational stress management.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This research work is necessary now than every considering the rate of environmental hazards that employees are exposed to daily, the condition of work, the quality of food people consume, due to longer hours at work which over expose them to junk foods. Hence, the study will focus on occupational stress can be controlled and managed in Neimeth Pharmaceuticals Plc.  As it is recorded to be a determinant of occupational performance in productivity thereby causing disturbances at work. Furthermore, problems such as failure of companies in providing health Insurance scheme for their workforce, high rate of job insecurity, the setting of unrealistic deadlines, improper working conditions and absence of counseling department in organizations.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This study will give explanation to the impact of occupational stress on workers performance and how it can be managed.  The objectives of the study will be the following:

1.  The study will reveal the causes of occupational stress and its impact on workers performance.

2.  Investigate if there is provision for medical insurance policy for every worker.

3.  Ascertain whether realistic deadlines are being set and if targets are met.

4.  Find out if there is proper working condition available to workers and if counseling is readily available to them.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

For the purpose of this research work, these are the questions:

·        Do you think deadlines can be linked to stress?

·        Does working conditions have a role to play in stress?

·        Do you think job insecurity is not one of the factors that cause stress?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

1. Ho:  There is no significant relationship between deadlines and stress.

2. Ho: There is no significant relationship between working conditions and productivity of employees.

3. Ho:  There is no significant relationship between job insecurity and stress.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of this research work is in the following areas:

It will enable the management of Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals Plc and other companies to know the implication of occupational stress on workers performance and dhow to recognize and control it.

It will reveal the gains to be derived from having Medical Insurance Scheme.

It will help to show that proper working conditions can help to control stress.

It will reveal the need for proper staff canteen in organizations.

The study will reveal if truly occupational stress can be managed effectively.

METHOD OF THE STUDY

The method of data collection to be adopted in this research study will be the use of both primary and secondary data collection source.  The primary data will be through the use of a  well structured questionnaire that would be personally administered.  The secondary source is through the use of textbooks, journals, articles and library.  The hypotheses will be analyzed using the chi-square to determine or not a relationship exists between the variables.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study shall concentrate on the impact of occupational stress on workers performance.  The research will however limit its study to Neimeth Pharmaceuticals Plc in Ikeja, Lagos state.  The questionnaire shall be strictly limited to the staff of the company.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Distress:  This is dysfunctional for individuals and organizations.

Eurostress:  This is a positive type of stresses that energized or makes superior effort possible.

Performance:  It can be described as how well or badly an individual does his work.

Personality:  It is the distinctive patterns of behaviour including thoughts and emotions that characterize each individual’s adaptation to the situation of his or her own life.

Pressure:  The difficulties and feelings of anxiety that are caused by the need to achieve or behave in a particular way.

Productivity:  The measure of the efficiency of a given resource input such as labour or capital in producing a given output.

Stress:  It is a state of tension experienced by individuals facing extra-ordinary demands, constraints and opportunities.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!