Select Currency
Translate this page


Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  817 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000



This work was carried out to investigate the antimicrobial activities of Eupatorium odoratum extracts on Pseudomonas spp isolated from wound infections. The plant extract was made using ethanol, cold water and hot water. Various dilutions of the extract were prepared in a distilled water, 50µm/ml, 25µm/ml, 12.5µm/ml, 6.25µm/ml, and 3.125µm/ml. The results obtained showed that the plant extract in ethanol had a higher medicinal value with the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of 6.25µm/ml dilution inhibiting the growth of the test organism. This was followed by the plant extract in hot water which inhibit the organism at the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of 6.25µm/ml dilution. The plant extract in cold water had the least medicinal value with the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of 12.5µm/ml dilution inhibiting the growth of the test organism (Pseudomonas spp). The research shows that the active ingredients of the plant are better extracted with ethanol than other solvents and it shows that the extracts of the leaves ofEupatorium odoratum at low concentration inhibits the growth ofPseudomonas spp.





Eupatorium odoratum (family Asteraceae) is a Christmas bush, also known as bitter bush, Siam weed, baby tea, Satan Maria, is a scrambling shrub. It is a perennial shrub, exotic to Nepal, due to its adverse growth, it is also called Banmara. Stems reach 2cm in diameter. The plants are maintained by a system of abundant, yellowish fine lateral roots. Multiple sprouts arise from the root crown and lower stems (Irobi, 2004). The individual branches are long with relatively few branches. The opposite, three nerved leaves are deltoid to ovate – lanciolate, usually with a dentate margin and a long pointed tip. The leaves are aromatic when crushed. The inflorescences are corymbs of cylindrical heads located on the terminals of lateral branches. There are 15 to 25 tubular florets per head, white, lavender, pink, or blue in colour. The seeds are brownish gray to black achene that is 4mm long with a pale brown pappus 5 or 6mm long (Iwu, 2005).

Eupatorium odoratum is an aromatic shrub, covered in fine grey hairs, stems rounded; blades ovate to diamond shaped, 5 – 15 long, acuminate with yellow dots below; flowers pale mauve or violet. It is a bush tea made for coughs and colds in Babados, and leaves are good healing wounds (Adegoke, 2009).Eupatorium odoratum is used as a traditional medicine in vietnam (Bharatiya, 2006) where its Vietnamese common name is “Cohoi”. While it has been widely considered as a weed by agriculturist (Glasby, 2004), the aqueous extracts and the decoction from the leaves of this plant have been used throughout Vietnam for the treatment of soft tissue wounds, burn wounds and skin infections. The young leaves are crushed, and the resultant liquid can be used to treat skin infection and to stop cut wound from bleeding (Kowaro, 2006). In herbal medicine, leaf extracts with salt are used as a gargle for sore throats and colds. It is also used to scent aromatic baths (Oladunmoye 2007). Extracts of Christmas bush inhibit or kill Neisseria gonorrhoeae (the organism that cause gonorrhoea) in vitro (Okwu 2005) and to accelerate blood clotting (Edoga et al., 2003). Eupatorium odoratum adds copious amount of organic matter to the soil during fallows between cultivation and may reduce the population of nematodes (Ogunleye, 2003). It is also useful as a mulch for row crops (Sofowora, 2008). The Atlas of medicinal plants of middle America (Nuvinyi et al., 2004) reports that Eupatorium odoratumis used in Polynesia as a fish poison.


Eupatorium odoratum has acquired a reputation as a medicinal herb for a variety of ailments including malaria, fever, cough, cold and the aqueous leaf extract of the plant is used as an antiseptic for wound dressing. The decoction of the leaf was used as a cough remedy and the stem decoction can be used in pulmonary hemorrhage.


1)  To isolate pseudomonas specie from wound infection.

2)  To investigate the antimicrobial activity of Eupatorium odoratum against pseudomonas.


Eupatorium odoratum is a plant that has a variety of uses economically, medically and nutritionally, thus the reason for this study,. The work reveals that the Eupatorium odoratum are used orally against wounds and inflammation in traditional system.


During this research work set back were encountered on the following areas; Sourcing of information: Since health centers (Bishop Shanahan  Nsukka) and institutes visited found it very hard to release already gathered


Not What You Are Looking For?

For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!