Select Currency
Translate this page

PRODUCTION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FOR PALM OIL BLEACHING

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  344 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

PRODUCTION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FOR PALM OIL BLEACHING

 

ABSTRACT

The production of activated carbon was carried out using the following: Charcoal, red oil, sulphuric acid, mortar, pestle, water, oven, conical flask, The methods or procedures undergone in the production of activated carbon are: charcoal selection, grinding, blending and activation. To activate carbon (charcoal), raw charcoal is grinded with mortar and pestle, then mixed thoroughly with acid and little water. The mixture was dried in an oven and allowed to cool before washing. The mixture was washed to reduce the level of acid, using ph chart to determine the acidic level. The mixture was continually washed with water until ph range of 3 – 4 was obtained in the ph chart. This was followed by oven drying and cooling to obtain the required activated carbon. It was observed that after the activation, the charcoal lost some percentage of its writing ability, Red oil which was expected to loose its coloration did not loose its color as expected.

Owing to this finding, we therefore conclude the use of activated carbon to bleach oil is not the best option to be adopted in bleaching of oil (palm oil).

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  INTRODUCTION

Activated carbon is a carbon that has been processed to have a large surface area available for adsorption or chemical reaction. It is also called activated charcoal, it has been observed from analysis that these activated carbon can be used in many things and ways which includes drinking water and waste water treatment, decolorizing liquids medical absorbent removal of priority organic pollutants, gas adsorption, sugar refining etc

In our institution, activated carbon technology are greatly in need to acquaint the students with sound knowledge of fluid flow phenomenon, adsorption and filtration by doing so it will go a long way in making our students to know much about bleaching of oil. Oil as we all know is what we encounter in everyday life, hence knowing their behavior and how to prepare them for better consumption will help in solving some problems encountered both in scientific and technological field.

 In a bid to surmount this difficulty activated carbon was discovered. This activated carbon production however is among the practical operations designed to carry out some experiment in fluids. This technique is used in determining the purity of oil ability to be decolorized.

 The measurement of these parameters was centered mainly on them totally. The procedure is all about absorption of the oil filtration by separation with respect to particle sizes, and the filtration was collected and discharged into beaker.

 Whenever the velocity of the oil is charged either in direction of magnitude by a change in the direction or size of the conduct, friction generated in addition to the skin friction flow through the straight pipe connected. This friction loss includes loss from sudden expansion of the apparatus and the contraction of the apparatus leading to decreased flow of bleaching.

 The properties and characteristic of the oil is important to the scientist because to process this operation, the foundation of the study is important. An understanding of the usage of activated carbons is very essential not only for accurate treatment of the problems of the oil in the experiment but also for the study of activating the carbon from its inact state. The branch of science that have to do with the activation of carbon, state the various sources oil carbon, these are: coconut shell, charcoal, ignite coal, petroleum pitch etc.

 The carbon can be activated in two summarized parts: physical reactivation and chemical reactivation in our work, we use oil (palm oil) as the raw oil to be bleached which is regarded as crude palm oil.

 Notably however, activated carbon is made up of the carbon as raw material, carbon dioxide, oxygen or steam in physical reactivation but in chemical activation prior to carbonization, the raw material is impregnated with certain chemicals like acid, strong base or salt, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, calcium chloride and zinc chloride.

 The raw materials is carbonized at lower temperature (450 – 900oC) and it is believed that carbonization activation steps proceeds simultaneously with the chemical activation, the chemical activation is preferred to physical activation owing to the lower temperature and shorter time needed for activating material.

 1.1  AIM AND OBJECTIVE   

The aim and objective of this project work is:

To produce activated carbon that can be used in bleaching or decolourizing oil.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!