Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 65  |  17 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000



The study was conducted at Bahi District to assess contribution of paddy production toward annual household income among smallholder paddy producer. The study had three specific objectives, to determine level of paddy production at Bahi district, to determine household income earned from paddy and other sources and to analyse factors affecting paddy production among smallholder producers. Data were collected through interview, observation, focus group discussion and documentary review. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were adopted during data analysis.  Finding from the study showed that average land used in paddy production by smallholder paddy producers is 2.75 acres with an average production of 934.75 Kg of rice per acre in 2014 season. The average annual income earned from paddy production was Tsh 1,980,885 and contributed 34% to annual household income among smallholder paddy producers. Extension services, credit accessibility and use of agricultural inputs were major factors observed to affect paddy production. However, smallholder paddy producers in Bahi have not yet utilized agricultural inputs effectively. Extension services provided were insufficient and paddy production in Bahi depends on rainfall from river Bubu catchment areas to facilitate availability of water for irrigation. Therefore smallholder paddy producers should be empowered to adopt modern production techniques include use of agricultural inputs. Government should hire more extension officers to extend extension services for efficient transfer of production technologies. River Bubu catchment areas and banks should be protected by the government and environmental conservation partners to ensure availability of enough water for irrigations in Bahi.



1.1 Background of the Study

Agriculture is critical to an economy, accounting for 25.8% of GDP and 80% of total employment. It also provides raw materials to her agricultural industrial sector. The country is endowed with a total area of 94.5 million hectares (ha), out of which 44 million (ha) is arable land suitable for agricultural production. Forest land covers 48.1 million ha and the area under fresh water bodies is approximately 62 000 square kilometers (Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT), 2015). Only 23% of the arable land is currently under cultivation (United Republic of Tanzania (URT), 2012). Factors that contributed to this small percent include soil erosion, leaching and drought proneness (URT, 2013). Low infrastructure and capital investments are also important factors in this context (Bjornlund et al., 2016; Mdemu et al., 2017). Nonetheless, agriculture remains the most important sector in the country. It produces over 80% of the food consumed locally as well as accounting for 74.5% of agriculture‘s share of the GDP (Isinika et al., 2016).

Crop production is mainly rain-fed, and which is currently threatened by several risk factors including climate change and progressive land degradation caused by human activities. This poses serious challenges to both rain-fed and irrigated agriculture. This calls for specific interventions in order to increase and sustain land productivity. In Tanzania, 29.8 million haof arable land is potential for irrigation. However, currently only about 1.5 percent is under irrigation (URT, 2013). Of these, 64% is under Farmer-Managed Irrigation Schemes (FMIS) while 36% is Estates under Agency-Managed Irrigation Schemes (AMIS) (URT, 2011).

The commonly used yardsticks for defining FMISs include the status of irrigation infrastructures (e.g. design and construction status) and land levelling. In this context, Tanzania‘s FMIS have been categorized as either traditional or improved (modern) (Agriculture Water Management (AWM), 2010). The former involves the use of simple unlined canals, and the latter involves schemes with improved irrigation structures (headwork structures designed and constructed irrigation and drainage canals as well as land leveling). However, there is a third category; farmers do call it ‗a semi-improved scheme. These are schemes with incomplete irrigation systems. In this case, the intakes are properly designed and constructed, and sometimes the main canals are also designed and constructed. The main canals may even be lined while the rest irrigation systems remain traditional in every aspect. The FMISs serve as a means to ensure food security and are essential for providing employment opportunities for landless poor (You et al., 2010). Although crop productivity gains from irrigation remain contested (Fanadzo et al., 2010), they provide insurance for farmers against drought and play an integral role in a transition from subsistence to commercial farming. Over the past 40 years, the FMISs have been a development focus for rural household livelihood improvement strategies (Sinyolo et al., 2014). Paddy is the main crop grown in these FMISs, and its value has increased rapidly throughout Tanzania. It is now the second most important staple food crop after maize and is both a food and a commercial crop (National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), 2008). In a broader economic context, paddy is viewed as a cash crop due to its export potential and its contribution to national food security.


Not What You Are Looking For?

For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of, God Bless you guys for me.
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.