Select Currency
Translate this page


Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 50  |  319 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000





The study investigated the influence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Nigeria by using Enugu state as a case study. Survey research design was employed to carry out the study. A total of two hundred and twenty questionnaires was distributed to respondents, out which two hundred and eight were retrieved and total of two hundred and one questionnaires were correctly filled. At the end, a total of two hundred questionnaires were subjected to final analysis. The study has the following as its research objectives: to determine the prevalence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state, to examine the effects of farmers-herdsmen’s conflict on the people of Enugu state, to investigate the measures taken by the government in addressing the farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state and to identify the reasons for farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state.




1.1   Background to the Study

More and more, development strategies are based on the need for developing countries to embrace information technology both as a way to avoid further economic and social marginalization as well as to offer opportunities for both growth and diversification of their economies. The uneven distribution of these technologies within societies as well as across the world has been termed “the digital divide”. It reflects a division between the information “haves” and “have nots” on many lines that often overlap within countries by race, ethnic group, class, age, religion, and gender, between countries; and globally, between those who have access to abundant information resources and those who do not have this access.

Today, we are living in the information age. Postindustrial age is called information age. The age where information is a human product, where information is the result of human thinking. Prime Minister’s (M.G.KMenon) National Task Force for Information Technology and Software Development (NTFIT) desires that computer education and internet use should be promoted at an early stage of education. Thus, computers are a manifestation of the scientific and technological revolution; their actual creation, utilization, and further development caused new theoretical and applied problems in our society.

The rise of the social media has given scope to the non-traditional media outlets which has seen interest groups frame stories surrounding the conflict in ways that tend to undermine the cooperate existence of Nigeria, Abdulrahman Dambazau (2016). Social Conflict is of major news value to media and, as such, remains foremost fodder for media Media participation in nature, intensity and consequences of conflicts thus becomes indisputably significant (Pate & Dauda, 2011) and inevitable in precipitating, ameliorating, and discouraging conflict. Social media either play negative roles in fuelling and provoking conflicts or can play constructive roles in preventing and resolving conflicts and contributing to peace building. Several studies validate media’s contribution to violence, instability, and fragmentation of Yugoslavia (Thompson, 1999). Many blame the media for inciting the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. In Nigeria, media are known to sensationalize crises situations, promote prejudicial stereotypes about groups and individuals, and even instigate and sustain violent conflicts (Pate, 2011).

In Nigeria today, farmer-herder conflict is an enduring feature of social life in almost all the six geo-political zones in the country. The phrase farmer-herder conflict is typically used to refer to conflict between herding and farming groups. Using this word can be misleading since it can suggest that herders and farmers are separate groups when in fact most herders are nowadays farmers and many farmers may herd their livestock at least on seasonal basis. Moreover, the conflict between a herder and farmer often implicate other farmers and herders on both sides of the conflict. For example, Breusers et al. (1998) argued that many conflicts between farmers and herders actually result from tensions within farming communities tensions that are most evident with conflicts with outsiders, particularly herders.

Centuries back, many of the low-lying areas next to rivers in Nigeria were hardly used by farmers because of some wide-range of reasons. One of such was the exposure to diseases like river blindness and malaria. Another is the problem of erosion peculiar to these riverine areas. These areas instead were mainly used for grazing by nomadic herders and fishermen. However, the increase in Nigeria’s population led to a need for much greater use of these lands, especially for food production. During Nigeria’s colonial era, large irrigation schemes to ensure freshly planted food crops became popular. Familiar problems relating to land and water use, obstruction of traditional migration routes, livestock theft and crop damage tend to trigger these disputes. But their roots run deeper. Drought and desertification have degraded pastures, dried up many natural water sources across Nigeria’s far-northern Sahelian belt and forced large numbers of herders to migrate to various parts of the country in search of grassland and water for their herds. Insecurity in many northern states (a consequence of the Boko Haram insurgency in the north east and of less-well-reported rural banditry and cattle rustling in the north-west and north-central zones) also brings increasing numbers of herdsmen to move to other parts of the country. The growth of human settlements, expansion of public infrastructure and acquisition of land by large-scale farmers and other private commercial interests, have deprived herders of grazing reserves designated by the post-independence government of the former Northern region.

Herders migrating into the savannah and rain forests of the central and southern states are moving into regions where high population growth over the last four decades has heightened pressure on farmland, increasing the frequency of disputes over crop damage, water pollution and cattle theft. In the absence of mutually accepted mediation mechanisms, these disagreements increasingly turn violent, thereby, leading to loss of lives and farmlands as the case may be. The menace of these herdsmen on the farmers has been a major issue not only in Enugu state but also in various states (Taraba, Benue, Ogun, Kwara, Ekiti and so on) of the country. This has been trending on various social media like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat etc. as a way of creating more awareness and also exposing their evil deeds.

Conclusively, social media alone is not enough to expose the challenges faced by farmers from herdsmen in Enugu state and other states that are being affected by the menace of these herdsmen in the country. The government and other concerned stakeholders must act fast to combat this problem of herdsmen killing and destroying of fertile lands in the states and make sure there is adequate security of life of the farmers throughout the whole federation. It is on this note that this study aims to investigate the influence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Nigeria by using Enugu state as a case study.

1.2  Statement of the Problem

There has been significant interest and concern about the evil acts of the herdsmen for some months in the country because of their access to sophisticated weapons which they use to commit all manners of crimes in the country and the awareness of this has been trending on various social media. A number of cases of killings, raping and farmlands destruction have been reported on different social networking sites at different times. The cause of this current bout of clashes remains an issue of debate among Nigeria watchers. Some have premonition that violence is a continuation of ethno-religious struggles that proceeded the colonial era. However, the relative absence of such widespread bloodshed throughout much of Nigeria’s post-independence history suggests more contemporary factors are to be blamed. Obviously, it appears that the sudden increase in farmer-herder conflict emanates from the confluence of four developments: the ongoing expansion of land under cultivation, environmental degradation across Africa’s Sahel region, the decline of traditional authority figures, and the recent rise of large-scale cattle rustling. It is possible that these social networking tools are just the beginning of something that could lead us to ways of exposing the evil acts of these herdsmen we never imagined, but whatever happens, you cannot dismiss these tools easily. They are taking us somewhere exciting, but we need to work out our dealing with the fading boundaries that these tools have left in their wake and that means recreating our social rules along the way.

1.3  Research Questions

The following are some of the questions which this study intends to answer:

i)  What is the prevalence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state?

ii)  What are the effects of farmers-herdsmen’s conflict on the people of Enugu state?

iii)  What the measures taken by the government in addressing the farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state?

iv)  What are the reasons for farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state?

1.4  Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Nigeria by using Enugu state as a case study. However, the specific objectives of the study are: to;

i)  Determine the prevalence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state

ii)  Examine the effects of farmers-herdsmen’s conflict on the people of Enugu state.

iii)  Investigate the measures taken by the government in addressing the farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state.

iv)  Identify the reasons for farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Enugu state

1.5  Research Hypothesis 

Ho1: There is no significant influence of the social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen crises in Enugu state 

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study sought to investigate the influence of social media in addressing farmers-herdsmen’s conflict in Nigeria by using Enugu state as a case study. It will show how social media help in fighting against lost of lives and farmlands among farmers as well as loss of property (herd) by the herdsmen. This work will also sought out to provide solutions to the problems associated with farmland, loss of herd and community unrest in Nigeria.

This study can be of immense relevance at this point in time when users of social networking sites are been enlightened to know the effects associated with false report and spreading of unverified news on various social media platforms. From this study, users of social networking sites will gain more insight into different factors associated with the use of social media.

The study will help students, farmers, government and other users of social media to understand risks that are associated with spreading false reports on social media. This study will also contribute to academic literature in the field of agriculture. This study can also serve as a foundation for further research to be conducted in Nigeria.

1.7  Scope of the Study

This study will cover farmers from the three senatorial districts in Enugu state.  A total of two hundred questionnaires will be distributed to the respondents. While ‘social media’ is independent variables, “farmers-herdsmen’s conflict” is the dependent variable.

1.8  Limitation of the Study

The study will be faced with a lot of challenges and one it the problem of finance. There is not going to be enough funds to print questionnaires and to also transport the researcher to meet the desired respondents. Another one is time; the researcher is currently busy with the demand of his academics. A lot of assignments are available for the researcher to do and coupled with his desire to read and learn at the same time. These are the major challenges of this study.

1.9  Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Conflict: clash between farmers and herdsmen as result of their disagreement over issue(s).

Farmers: Persons that are concerned with the production of food for man’s consumption.

Herd: Cattle that are being reared. They usually move from one place to another in search for food.

Herdsmen: Those that tend cattle and also responsible for providing food for them by moving them from one place to another.


Not What You Are Looking For?

For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 2926 373

+234 701 5050 881

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!