AN ASSESSMENT OF TELEVISION IN POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS IN NIGERIA
When the researcher chose the topic: Impact of Nigeria Television Authority on the Economic development of Enugu metropolis, she was inspired to find out the extent (NTA) Nigeria Television Authority has contributed on the economic development of Enugu metropolis. That the mass media plays a pivotal role in the development process of a country is not again a saying. The mass media generally regarded as channels of communication that are capable of reaching heterogeneous audience simultaneously with uniform message. They regularly cover-all sorts of issues such as health, music, fine art, crime, sports, entertainment/political evens, economy among others. Therefore, this study is aimed to examine the impact of electronic media on economic development of Enugu metropolis. The study made use of descriptive analysis with the use of survey method. Primary investigation revealed that the roles of the media cannot be divorced from issues of economic development of Enugu metropolis. The study therefore recommends that the media should endeavour to be involved in the dissemination of news and information in response to a basic human need, which is the “right to know” and they are also expected to analyze issues and facts contained in the news/ in line with the need and interest of a nation.
1.1 Background of the Study
That the mass media plays a pivotal role in the development process of a country is not a saying. The mass media is generally regarded as channels of communication that are capable of reaching heterogeneous audience simultaneously with uniform message. They regularly cover all sorts of issues economy among others (Meyer 2002, Soola 2004). The mass media transmits ideas and new information to target audience in the society.
Tosanisunm, (2004) has observed that the mass media educate, inform and entertain beyond these functions as they also persuade and catalyze for social mobilization. In other words, the mass media can be regarded as powerful service of information because they have the capability for penetrating every segment of the society. They have the ability to disseminate messages about issue ideas and products.
The electronic media which is the focus this study comprises the radio and television. The sophistication of these media of communication distinguished them as the wonders of modern communication. Just as the twentieth century dawned, a system was perfected which electromagnetic impulse could be sent through the air without wires carrying voice transmission over long distance.
Electronic media are the machinery or an institution used for simultaneous transmission of information to a wide and divergent audience. Although the electronic media are channel for which information is transmitted to the audience through the different types of media yet they represent the attempt or man to relate to and interact with other men. It is clear to note the communication has been enhanced nationally and internationally with the use of technology.
Aniabona (2007) in his contribution to the impact of broadcasting in a developing context, noted that electronic media are powerful and effective. Instruments for achieving national goals such as widespread education for both children and adults in other to realize the set down objective in economic growth, healthcare, political and social awareness, political stability, self reliance and national identity among other things.
Basically, the media are described as performing three functions 18 roles of information, education and entertainment. These are the conventional social functions the media render to the public, but which is equality applicable in broader sense in economy development pursuit. It could be said that through educating, informing and entertaining, the media thereby make the society, society members or the nation as well as the leadership of the very society aware of the importance and need to undertake certain progress or processes of economy development. Also attached to these three basic roles of media is another role of persuasion, where media are seen as virile tools of applying persuasive efforts to influence people’s actions towards a particular direction. The mass media are therefore seen for their role in furnishing the public with necessary information to achieve development or change goals.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
As stated earlier, the impact of the electronic media especially television is enormous despite, the problem facing them in discharging their responsibility. One thing certain is that electronic media especisally helps in electronic development due to its easy reach and penetration to diverse and scattered listening audience, the literacy level notwithstanding. But of all these impact and contribution to the political development of rural Nigeria, there are still cases of poor funding and poor management of the electronic media to effectively carry out these impacts of political development. Then one begins to wonder how possible for these media to contribute to the economic development when they are underfunded and expend their revenue on surviving the business.
1.3 The Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study are the following:
1. To ascertain the significant relationship between television and political development of rural areas.
3. To ascertain the role of Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) in mobilizing the rural populace toward economic and political development.
4. To ascertain the role of Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) in setting agenda for political development in rural areas.
5. To find out the challenges of Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) in contributing to political development of rural areas in Nigeria.
1.4 Research Question
Based on the objectives above, the following research questions will be carried:
1. Is there any significant relationship between Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) and political development of rural areas in Nigeria?
2. To what extent does Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) mobilize the rural populace towards political development?
3. To what extent does Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) set agenda for discussion on rural political development in Nigeria?
4. What are the challenges of NTA in setting agenda for political development in the rural areas
1.5 Significance of the Study
This project topic will be a source of materials to the students of mass communication, researchers and scholars who are interested in further research work. It will also help to thoroughly evaluate the impact of Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) on political development of rural areas in Nigeria. The project will also help to examine the agenda setting roles of Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) on political development of rural Nigeria. In other wards, it will look into the level of prominence the media give to the issues of political development in Nigeria.
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