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AN APPRAISAL OF THE ROLE OF ICT AS A CHANGE AGENT FOR QUALITY EDUCATION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT

This research project is a search for an appraisal of the role of ICT as a change agent for quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria. Chapter one of the study lays an introduction for subsequent chapters. Following the background of the study, the problem statement and the objective of the study which provided basis for the significance of the study and the hypothesis were stated. The limitations of this study were also highlighted. In the literature review as contained in chapter two, works of various authors, international and local journals were reviewed to elicit views on the appraisal of the role of ICT as a change agent for quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria. Chapter three, research methodology, description of population and sampling procedure for data collection were discussed. Methods of questionnaire design, determination of sampling size and questionnaire distribution were also highlighted. Chapter four was based on analysis of data collected. This chapter was sub-divided into data analysis, hypothesis testing and summary. Percentage table, figure and narration were carefully employed for proper understanding and testing of hypothesis. Finally, chapter five was divided into summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion.

 

CHAPTER ON

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Quality assurance in the education system is a concept consisting of lot of activities that are designed to improve the quality of input, process and output of the educational system. (Okebukola 2012) quality assurance in the education system involves the process of monitoring, assessing and evaluating all aspects of the education activities and communicating the outcome to all concerned with a view of improving the products of the education system. Quality assurance in education addresses some issues which enhance the quality of education delivery. Yawa cited in Emeruo (2012) notes quality assurance in education as all proactive measures adopted by a country to ensure that the system standard remain high enough to produce results set for it. Thus, quality standard in education is the bench mark that should guide the performance of the education system. Quality assurance in education is infact a process of continuous improvement in the quality of teaching and learning activities.

The Federal Ministry of Education (FME, 2009) remarked that quality standard in the education system are goals or targets to which learners, teachers, staff and school administration aspires to attain. Quality assurance in the education system therefore,  is a multi-dimensional concepts involving the various functions and activities of the education system. Such functions and activities include teaching research, staffing, students, buildings, facilities and equipment, service to the community and academic environment. It is ensuring that atleast the provision of the minimum academic standard are attained and sustained. However, today in Nigeria, there exists general disenchantment and general distrust in the quality if the education system as well as in the quality of education output, similarly (Elele, 1983) cited in (Yusuf, 2012) noted that quantitatively, the Nigerian Education scene in quite impressive but qualitative deficient. Therefore, thus research intends to investigate the role of ICT as a change agent for quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria.   The challenges confronting our educational system in tertiary institution centers on quality attainment of education delivery, almost everything connected with education in tertiary institution is in short supply. Quality teachers are in short supply, quality buildings, quality equipment, quality laboratories, good experimental farms and other resources input that can lead to quality education are inadequately provided. Today, there exist general disenchantment and general distrust in the quality of the education system as well as in the quality of education output.

The quality of education is the prime factor that determines the worth and significance of the system to both the recipients and the society at large. Thus, Igwe (2009) notes that, the promises of information and communication technologies (ICTs) have driven e-learning in transforming education delivery and thereby advancing the knowledge economy. The knowledge, economy for example sets a new scene for education and new challenges and prospects for education is a pre-requisite of the knowledge based economy and the production and use of new knowledge both require a more educated population and workforce (Arikewuyo, 2004). ICTs are very powerful tool  for diffusing knowledge and information which is fundamental aspects of the education process.

In that capacity, ICTs play a pedagogic role that could in principle compliment the traditional practices of the education sector (Igwe, 2009). Undoubtedly, e-learning powered by ICT use in tertiary institutions could help to expand and widen access to tertiary education and learning, improve the quality of education as well reduce its cost. This means that effective ICT use in tertiary institutions in Nigeria could help to spur positive results in improving the overall learning (and teaching) experiences as well as in up-lifting the quality of the system. Therefore the research seeks to investigate the role of ICT as a change agent for quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Elele (1983) cited in Yusuf (2012) notes that quantitatively, the Nigerian Education scene in quite impressive but qualitative deficient. There exist general disenchantment and general distrust in the quality of the education system as well as in the quality of education output. (Arikewuyo, 2004) stated that ICT can play a very prominent role in diffusing knowledge and information which is fundamental aspects of the education process towards quality attainments. In this capacity, ICT plays a pedagogic role that could in principle complement the traditional practices of the education sector. Therefore, the problem confronting this research is to appraise the role of ICT as a change agent towards quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria.

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.   What constitute quality in the education of tertiary institution in Nigeria?

2.   What is ICT and what constitute the role for quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria?

3.   What constitute the fundamental objective of quality education in tertiary institution in Nigeria?

1.4   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1.   To determine the nature of education in tertiary institution in Nigeria.

2.   To determine what constitute quality in the education of tertiary institution in Nigeria.

3.   To determine the nature of ICT and the role of ICT as a change agent towards the education of tertiary institution in Nigeria.

4.   To appraise fundamental objectives of quality education attainment in tertiary institution in Nigeria.

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.   The study shall provide a framework for determining the quality standard of education in tertiary institution in Nigeria.

2.   It shall provide measure of quality standard for the education of tertiary institution in Nigeria.

3.   The study shall provide detail information in ICT and the role of ICT as a change agent towards quality education in tertiary institution.

4.   It shall serve a reference source of information for educationist academic and non-academic persons students etc.

1.6  STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis 1

H0:   The quality standard in tertiary education in Nigeria is low.

H1:   The quality standard in tertiary education in Nigeria is High.

Hypothesis 2.

H0:   The level of ICT in tertiary education is low.

H1:   The level of ICT in tertiary education is High.

Hypothesis 3

H0:   The impact of ICT in the quality of education of tertiary institution is low.

H1:   The impact of ICT in the quality of education of tertiary institution is high.

1.7     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study focuses on the role of ICT as a change agent for quality education in tertiary institution In Nigeria.

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS

QUALITY EDUCATION: The Federal Ministry of Education (FME, 2009) remarked that quality standard in the education system are goals or targets to which learners, teachers, staff and school administration aspires to attain. Quality assurance in the education system therefore,  is a multi-dimensional concepts involving the various functions and activities of the education system. Such functions and activities include teaching research, staffing, students, buildings, facilities and equipment, service to the community and academic environment. It is ensuring that atleast the provision of the minimum academic standard are attained and sustained.

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