Select Currency
Translate this page

AFRICAN WALNUT OR TETRACARPIDIUMCONOPHORUM

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 50  |  1375 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

AFRICAN WALNUT OR TETRACARPIDIUMCONOPHORUM

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

It has been reported that infectious diseases account for one-half of all deaths in the tropicalcountries (WHO, 1977). As a result, people of all continents have long applied poultice and imbibed infusions of indigenous plants dating back to prehistory for health purposes and is still in use today (Sofowora, 1993). Plant medicine (Phytomedicine) has been used in healthcare delivery in many parts of Africa and the rest of the world (Elujoba, et al., 2005).Effective health cannot be achieved in Africa, unless orthodox medicine is complemented with traditional medicine (Elujoba, et al., 2005). At least 80% of Africans depend on plant medicine for their healthcare (Sofowora, 1993). Fruits and vegetables have been recognized as natural sources of various bioactive compounds (Pennington and Fisher, 2010) which could be attributed to their phytoconstituents such as flavonoids, anthocyanins, vitamins C and E, phenolic compounds, dietary fiber, and carotenoids present in fruits and vegetables (Gonz´alez-Aguilar, et al., 2008). 

One of such medicinal fruit is Citrullus lanatus. Although several of its uses in traditional medicine have been documented, many of these claims are yet to be validated by scientific researchers. Citrullus lanatus (Egusi melon) is the ancestors of the water melon now found in the entire world, but originated from west Africa. Egusi melon is a member of thefamily cucurbitaceae. Cucurbitaceae is the largest family, containing 120 genera and approximately 825 species (mabberly, 1987), typically distributed in the tropical countries but poorly represented in the temperate regions. Cucurbitaceae are important source of food like pumpkin (cucurbita pepo), melon (cucumis melo), cucumber (cucumis sativa), water melon (citrullus lanatus) (Nazimuddin and Naqvi, 1984; Sultan et al., 2010).

The nutritional quality of watermelon as evaluated by Mathias et al., 2001, shows that it is very rich in vitamins A 3%, some of the B series like Thiamine (Vit. B1), Riboflavin (Vit. B2) , Niacin (Vit. B3), Pantothenic acid (B5), Vitamin B6 and Folate (Vit. B9) which range between 1-3%, Vitamin C 14%. The mineral composition was Calcium 1%, Iron 2%, Magnesium 3%, Phosphorus 2%, Potassium 2%, Zinc 1% Nutrition of Watermelon, raw (edible parts) Nutritional value per 100 g , percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. It is also rich in essential amino acids like arginine, glutamine, aspartic and minerals such as zinc and essential fatty acids (Ojeih et al., 2008) which may be of great importance to prostate health. Essential fatty acids (EFA) are nutritionally important in ensuring good prostate growth and relieving symptoms of prostate ailments (Strategy for Wellness by Source Naturals, Inc., 2000; SEPASAL, 2004). Water melon is 92 percent water by weight. Water melon is also mildly diuretic. Water melon with red flesh is a significant source of lycopene. Water melon contains about 6 percent sugar by weight, the rest being mostly water. As with many other fruits, it is a source of vitamin c. it is not a significant source of other vitamins and minerals unless one eats several kilograms per day. The amino acid citrulline was first extracted from water melon and analysed. Water melon contains a significant amount of citrulline and after consumption of several kilograms, an elevated concentration is measured in blood plasma, this could be mistaken for citrullinaemia. There is however a dearth of publication on the effects of Citullus lanatus juice on testicular health. 

1.2  SCOPE OF RESEARCH

This study sought to know the effects of water melon juice on some characteristics of male rat reproductive functions, such as sperm morphology, motility, viability, count and histology of the testis and epididymis

1.3  SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH

The specific objectives of this study is to investigate the effect of water melon juice on the following:

Sperm count of adult male wistar rats 

Sperm motility(including progressive and non progressive motility)of adult male wistar rats

Sperm morphologyof adult male wistar rats

Histology of the testis in adult male wistar rats .

Histology of the epididymis in adult male wistar rats

 1.4  JUSTIFICATION OF RESEARCH

Several studies have demonstrated the phytomedical importance of water melon. Many investigations has been carried out on the potential use of water melon as a herbal solution to some ailments.However, there is a dearth of publications on the effect of water melon on testicular health.

1.5  EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE

At the end of this study, this research is expected to reveal the possible histological effect of watermelon juice on the testes of adult male wistar rats and to show how water melon juice affects the selected sperm characteristics (Sperm count, Sperm motility and Sperm morphology).

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!