Customers’ expectation in the post-consolidation era of the Nigerian banking sector is very high. This is justified by the belief that the exercise had crowded out incompetent banks and left only those ones which are able to compete in both domestic and global marketplace. However, in recent times, most Nigerian banks have fallen short of this expectation. Customers have experienced challenges ranging from delay transaction notification, stock out, non-availability of staff at service points, unprofessional conduct or rude behaviours by the staff of the banks, poor standard of records or improper information, failed promises among others. Ogunnaike and Ogbari (2008) opined that customer service in Nigerian banking industry can be mistaken to mean customer delay and frustration. Almost every Nigerian bank encounters similar problem in meeting customers’ expectation of services and customer satisfaction. For instance, the issue of delay in posting transactions such as money transfer and payments made between customers is a major problem that customers of Nigerian banks have been made to experience. In most cases, the customer hardly receives the notification that an account has been credited or debited immediately. The account holder may have to wait endlessly before seeing the notification or in worse cases, may have to visit the bank to confirm such transaction.
Also, the long queues and huge crowds in the banking halls can be highly devastating and discouraging, especially when the weekend is near. Most times, these long queues are as a result of the breakdown of the networks on the computers used for operation. Sometimes, it occurs as a result of the cash officers pushing duties to one another, as to who is to attend to the customer or not. Consequently, there is a problem of customer loyalty and profitability of the bank. One of the major requirements for banks’ efficiency is to match their service facilities with the needs of customers without much delay. However, the common experience in Nigeria is that most banks do not have the facilities and capacities to service the number of customers without too much delay on the part of the customers. This situation has led to poor efficiency in banking service delivery in Nigeria and has thus caused low customer satisfaction. Many Nigerian banking public has thus wondered when the endless desires of spending the least possible time for banking transactions will be met by banks in the country. Although one of the strong objectives of banks is want to attract, retain customers and at the same time optimize profit, however, profit maximization in banking industry is a function of the management’s ability to provide efficient services to customers at little or no time wastage (Agbadudu, 1995).
A work done by Curuana (2000) goes a long way to support the idea that service quality, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty are undoubtedly linked. Curuana (2000) developed a mediational model that linked the service quality and service loyalty via customer satisfaction and applied the model in a research in the retail banks in Malta. The results of the research appeared to prove the links between service quality, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. Gathering from various works done on quality of service, the conclusion drawn by Boateng (1995) is that an improved service quality has the ultimate goal of achieving overall increased productivity, increased financial performance and increased profitability which emanates from the following derived advantages; enhanced customer retention rates and higher customer loyalty; attraction of new customers from word of mouth recommendation; lower advertising and promotions cost; a higher market share; improved employee morale as they belong to the winning team; insulation from price competition; and potential cost leadership arising from lower staff turnover, lower cost of training, lower administrative costs and reduced complaints from customers. The above mentioned are the importance of providing quality customer service and underscores why ensuring quality customer service has become the competitive power in today’s business world. In the service industry the need for quality is even more pronounced because of the peculiar distinguishing features of service from products.
Among the numerous definitions given for service, Kotler (2000) has defined service as any act, performance or experience that one party can offer to another. According to Lovelock and Wirtz, (2004), "Services are economic activities that provide time, place, form utility, problem-solving while bringing about a change in, or for, the recipient of the service." Services possess the characteristics of perishability, intangibility, inseparability and heterogeneity. Services deliver the intangible value like knowledge, utility or care, and convenience to the party who needs it. Due to the service nature of the banking industry it is easy for one bank to copy new products and new innovations from another bank. This has caused the competition among the banks in the Nigerian industry to be fierce with each one trying to out-do the other in order to maintain its market share or capture the market of its competitors. Bank executives and continuously cited to be formulating and preaching about policies that will ensure high customer quality standards in their banks.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
In the Nigerian banking industry, high customer satisfaction is hypothesized to be linked to high firm performance. Bankers consider customer satisfaction and loyalty as important to market share maintenance and profitability. As products and prices have become less important differentiators; the importance of service quality can no longer be overlooked and taken for granted (Ward & Tracey S. Dagger, 2007). It has thus become very necessary to find out how banks in Nigeria particularly, achieve customer satisfaction in the face of increased competition through service quality. Notwithstanding the existence of fierce competition in the banking industry in Nigeria and high customer churn, the debate as to what drives customer satisfaction is still rife, this is due to the fact that, complaints of poor service quality is on the increase. Could it be that there is a general misconception and poor attitude towards the concept of service quality and Customer Satisfaction? Hinson and Mensah, (2006) contends, in a competitive era, customer switching to other service providers is high especially when customers are dissatisfied with service provided. Thus customer defection due to dissatisfaction is a curious research subject to investigate. Since Service Quality is touted as the bedrock of every successful organization, its practice needs to be examined and measured. However, it appears no or little studies have sought to ascertain how service quality practices could lead to customer satisfaction in banks within Nigeria.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The study sought to assess the effect of bank service delivery on customer satisfaction in Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to;
i. examine the influence of poor bank service delivery on customer satisfaction in the Nigerian banks.
ii. identify factors that may cause customer dissatisfaction in the Nigerian banks.
iii. examine whether staff strength affect service delivery in the banking industry.
1.4 Research Questions
i. What is the influence of poor bank service delivery on customers’ satisfaction in the Nigerian banks?
ii. What are the factors that may cause customer dissatisfaction in the Nigerian banks?
iii. Does staff strength affect service delivery in the banking industry.
1.5 Research Hypotheses
Ho1: Poor bank service delivery does not influence customer satisfaction in the Nigerian banks.
Ho2: Staff strength does not affect service delivery in the banking industry.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.
1.7 Scope/Limitations of the Study
This study is on the effect of bank service delivery on customers’ satisfaction in Nigerian banks.
Limitations of study
Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Bank: A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
Service delivery: is a component of business that defines the interaction between providers and clients where the provider offers a service, whether that be information or a task, and the client either finds value or loses value as a result.
Customer satisfaction: is a term frequently used in marketing. It is a measure of how products and services supplied by a company meet or surpass customer expectation.
Aaker, D., & Jacobson, R. (1994). Study shows brand-building pays off for stockholders. (18), pp.143 - 154.
Adams, B. S., Yan, D., Martin, D., & Robert, H. S. (2004). Linkages between customer service, customer satisfaction and performance in the airline industry: Investigation of non-linearities and moderating effects. 27.
Agbadudu, A.B. (1996), Elementary Operation Research. Vol. 1: Benin City, A.B. Mudiaga Limited.
Akanji, B., Seiders, L., and Grewal, D. (2013). Understanding Service Convenience. Journal of Marketing, 66(3), 1–17.
Aksin-Karaesmen, Baris, A., and Madi, S. (2011). Structural Estimation of Callers Delay Sensitivity in Call Centers. International Journal of Service and Industrial Management, 6 (1), 42 -53.
Amoako, G. K. (2012, April).Improving Customer Service in the Banking Industry-Case of Ghana. International Business Research, Vol. 5, 134. doi:doi:10.5539/ibr.v5n4p134
Andaleeb, S., & Conway, C. (2006). Customer satisfaction in the restaurant industry: An examination of the transactionspecific model. Journal of Services Marketing(1), 3-11.
Anderson, E., & Mittal, V. (n.d.). Strengthening the Satisfaction-Profit Chain. Journal of Service Research, Vol. 3, pp. 107 - 120.
Asubonteng, P., McCleary, K. J., & Swan, J. E. (1996). SERVQUAL revisited: a critical review of service quality. The Journal of Services Marketing(6), p.62-81
Bollen and Emes, (2008). Understanding Customer Relation, How Important Is The Personal Touch. An Anos MORI Loyalty survey. 1(10), 43-55.
Buell Ryan, Campbell Dennis and Frei Frances(2015). How do customers respond to improved customer service Quality Competition . Working Paper 11 (084), 1-36.
Campbell, D. and Frei, F. (2010). Market Heterogeneity and Local Capacity Decisions in Services. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management Research, 5 (1), 31-41.
Deacon and Sonstelie, (1985). Rationing by Waiting and the Value of Time: Results from a Natural Experiment. Journal of Political Economy, 93(4), 627–647.
Economic and Financial Index. 26 th June 2014 Retrieved 20th November, 2015.
Forbes, S.J. (2008). The Effect of Air Traffic Delays on Airline Prices. International Journal of Industrial Management Organization 6(5) 118–128.
Frederick Herzberg, (1959). 'The Motivation to Work with Research Colleagues. Global Financial Index, long finance. 13 th March 2014 Retrieved 20 October 2015.
Hellen Gifford, (2002). The Art of Profit of Customer Relationship. Journal of Business Ethics 41 (3):217 – 31.
How do i choose a Project Topic?
Look for your department and select any topic of your choice
I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?
How fast can i get a complete project from your website?
Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website
Is it a complete research project or just materials?
It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data
One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?
Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately
How do i get my complete project?
Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format
Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?
Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number
What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?
Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately
Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?
Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately
What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?
Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220
How can i trust this site?
We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!