Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-7  |  Pages: 75  |  577 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000





Ternary thin films of  Iron Copper Sulphide  (FeCuS), Iron Zinc Sulphide (FeZnS), Lead Silver Sulphide (PbAgS), Copper Silver Sulphide (CuAgS) and Copper Zinc Sulphide (CuZnS) were  grown  using cheap and simple solution  growth technique with EDTA,  TEA and NH3  as  complexing agents.  The deposited films were characterized using PYE-UNICO-UV-2102 PC  spectrophotometer,  and  optical microscopy. The results suggest  that some of the films have  crystal structures. From the spectral analysis of absorbance/transmittance, the optical and solid  state properties were deduced. The other optical properties so obtained  include the reflectance,  absorption coefficient, refractive index, extinction coefficient, optical conductivity and thickness, while the solid state properties are dielectric constant and band gap energy.  For all  the five categories of thin films grown (i.e. FeCuS, FeZnS, PbAgS, CuAgS and CuZnS), absorbance was high in UV and low in VIS-NIR-regions, while the transmittance were low in UV-region and high in VIS-NIR-regions. The reflectances  were high in UV-region and low in the VIS-NIR-regions. For FeCuS, FeZnS, PbAgS, CuAgS and CuZnS, the absorption coefficient ranged from 0.1x106 m-1 to 1.65x106 m-1, 0.2x106 m-1 to 2.3x106 m-1, 0.5x106 m-1  to 0.9x106 m-1, 0.5x106 m-1 to 1.28x106 m-1 and 0.24x106 m-1 to 1.6x106 m-1, respectively. The real part of the refractive index ranged from 1.2 to 2.3, 0.72 to 2.3, 0.1 to 2.3, 1.94 to 2.28 and 1.6 to 2.3, respectively. The corresponding values of optical conductivity ranged from 0.03x1014 s-1  to 0.6x1014 s-1, 0.07x1014 s-1, 0.06x1014 s-1  to 0.6x1014 s-1, 0.24x1014 s-1 to 0.6x1014 s-1  and 0.12x1014 s-1  to 0.6x1014 s-1, respectively. The extinction coefficient, ranged from 0.005 to 0.038, 0.004 to 0.056, 0.010 to 0.140, 0.025 to 0.064 and 0.008 to 0.082, respectively. The direct band gap ranged from  2.4eV to2.8eV for FeCuS, 2.9eV for FeZnS, 1.5eV to 2.1eV for PbAgS, 2.3eV for CuAgS and 2.2eV to 2.4eV for CuZnS. The values of the indirect band gap were in the range 0.6eV to 1.0eV for FeCuS, 1.9eV for FeZnS, 0.3eV to 0.8eV for PbAgS, 1.1eV for CuAgS and 0.4eV to 0.9eV for CuZnS.  The real part of the dielectric constant ranged from 1.4 to 5.2, 0.7 to 5.2, 0.4 to 5.2, 3.8 to 5.2 and 2.2 to 5.2, respectively, while the corresponding imaginary part of the dielectric constant ranged from 0.008 to 0.136, 0.008 to 0.164, 0.010 to 0.390, 0.100 to 0.290 and 0.030 to 0.360, respectively.  The range of band gaps,  1.5eV to 2.9eV makes the films suitable for solar cells fabrication; this is in agreement with the finding for the film FeCdS. 


Not What You Are Looking For?

For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of, God Bless you guys for me.
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!