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to the Study
The Press is the moulder of the
society. Although this fact has been
lashed with numerous criticisms, we cannot deny the fact
that the press shapes the society. Most journalists are aware of this, so they
determine, even to the extent of sacrificing their lives, to give the society
what it desires and what it needs.
The reporter who is scampering to meet a politician who
has just alighted from an airplane; the reporter who is on a wired boat sailing
into a remote mangrove to find out the extent of damage flood has wrecked in
the area is trying to satisfy the society by informing the members of the
society on what is happening around them.
The function of news gathering and news dissemination has
not been a rosy one for the journalists. From the inception of journalism and
newspaper publication in Nigeria.
There has been a cat and mouse relationship between the
press and the governments of all ages, whether military or civilian, except
when the press allows itself to be cajoled, used and manipulated by the
government to suit its whims and caprices.
The banning of newspapers and detention of journalist by
government especially in the third world countries have been an old story.
For example the Nigeria government has at one time or the
another banned or closed down most of the newspaper and magazine houses in
Nigeria. Most of the time it is prompted by the refusal of both the
newspapers and magazines to take supreme position in reporting news that
favours the government only and then agree to dance to the music of despotism.
If the press is to carry out its job as a watch dog in
society successfully. Obviously, from time to time it will pinch the government
on the wrong side. When it exposes the government failure and in consistencies.
of the Problem
research is design to access the level of freedom enjoy by the
press in Nigeria especially in freedom of information.
It also intent to compare and contrast the freedom of
information during the military era and this present democratic dispensation.
The research focuses on various laws and legislations that
hindered the freedom of information in Nigeria.
what extent has OSBC faced challenges in information gathering?
OSBC have strategies to tackle the challenges of poor freedom of information
what extent has the freedom information law impacted on OSBC?
of the Study
study is pertinent to give the importance of press freedom in the development
of democracy and the long history of the repression of press freedom in Nigeria
a country with probably the most animated media environment in Africa.
x ray the challenges of freedom of information and how journalists are being
treated by the present government which limited the press as the fourth estate
of the realm.
point out that press freedom is a major ingredient that press should enjoy
during the democratic dispensation.
let the public aware that freedom of press is their own freedom; since media
serve as public mouth piece.
of the Study
issue of the government/press relationship in Nigeria has raised a lot of
interest both to the practitioners and the public, that a study into the
phenomenon was long overdue.
This study will no doubt be useful to
mass media practitioners in Nigeria and will help the public appreciate the
onerous role of the press in Nigeria so as to enable them rise in defense of
the press whenever it is threatened by excessive political power.
is expected that at the end of this study, the work will update knowledge
within the frame work of the study.
it will assist people on the benefit of freedom of information to the press and
society at large.
study will draw the attention of the government to empower the press to carry
out its duties.
The scope of this research work had been narrowed down to
OSBC for the purpose of convenience and lack of other logistics.
Although the research is basically focus on analysis of
challenges facing freedom of information in Nigeria.
To this end, OSBC is selected to represent all mass media
in Nigeria while demographic OSBC will be considered to access the number of
staff, educational level, and qualification, working experience, sex, marital
status and many more.
to the Study
This work is limited to OSBC. However, other media houses
can benefit from it. Also, time has posed a serious constrain to this work as
other academic activities need to be attended to. Inadequate fund to cover all media
houses, even to visit OSBC frequently as possible.
Another limitation was that few literature were available
for this study, therefore, gathering of materials for this work became
PRESS: It refers to the fourth estate of the realm vested with
the responsibility to disseminate information, entertain, and educate
members of a society.
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION: It refers to unlimited liberty, outspokenness,
unhampered boldness. Freedom is the degree of unlimited access to information,
which facilitates the performance of journalistic duties.
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