Select Currency
Translate this page


Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  821 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000





The research work “analysis on infant and child mortality in federal medical centre (f.m.c) Keffi” was carried out to: test for the difference of two means between infant and child mortality rate; estimate infant and child mortality rate; estimate age specific fertility rate; and to determine the trend line and forecast of infant and child mortality. The data for the research was collected using a documentary method, and was analyzed using; time series analysis, difference of two means (Two sample T-test), and measures of mortality and fertility. At the end of the research it was found that the incidence of child and infant mortality has been on the decrease from 2001 to 2015. It was also found that there is no significant difference in the occurrence of both infant and child mortality. At the end of the research the researcher recommended that government should organize a yearly interval workshop in other to enlighten people on infant and child health care, all individual should avoid personal medication; all cases of illness should be reported to a medical expert, especial when it comes to children as their immune system is more volatile, The government should also create awareness campaign to educate the public on how to report all causes of death, and All pregnant women should be encouraged to enroll in ante-natal care.





Infant mortality refers to the death of a child born alive before its first birthday and child mortality is the death of a child aged between one and five years. Demographers have for a long time been interested in the study of mortality which is one of the components of population change. Infant and child mortality are among the best indicators of socioeconomic development because a society life expectancy at birth is determined by the survival chance of infants and children.

Childhood mortality is an important indicator of all heath programs and policies; likewise it contributes to population projection. Childhood mortality measures also help identify specific population that are at increase in health risk. Several measures of childhood mortality are calculated using Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data. During the twentieth century almost all countries experienced decreases in child mortality rate. However, the timing and pace of the decline varied substantially. Sustained reductions in child mortality began in the nineteenth century in Europe, North America, and Japan and continued gradually throughout the twentieth century. Major declines in other parts of the world generally began only after World War II. Mortality reductions in Asia, Latin America and Africa were usually much more rapid that they had been in countries that began mortality declines earlier. By 1999 there were great variations in child mortality among countries for example, although less than 0.5 percent of children died before the fifth birthday in Iceland, more than 33 percent died by age five in Niger. Since the 1960s the decline in child mortality sometimes has appeared to have stagnated as was the period from 1975– 1985, when many poor countries experienced severe crises and other problems such as economic recovery from the 0.1 crisis of 1973 – 1974. Recent evidence suggests that child mortality has continued to decline in most countries since 1980. However, during the 1990s the HIV/AIDS epidemic halted or reversed declines in child mortality in some eastern and southern African countries. For example, in Zimbabwe in the period 1990 – 1994 there were 50 deaths under age five per 1,000 live births.

Statistics therefore as the science of information analysis or scientific method of collecting, presenting or organizing and interpreting numerical data in such a way that valid and useful conclusion will be drawn to clear away uncertainties. It implies in many aspects of studies and life in general one of the aspects is demography. The demography means the study of human population and factors that affect it. These are fertility, morbidity mortality etc. but the scope of these project be centered on analyzing infant and child mortality rate among various age groups we shall consider how genders is also related to death in a particular age group.

Federal Medical Center Keffi (FMC) was formally known as General Hospital Keffi. It is located at the center of the town, along old Akwanga road; it was upgraded to its current status as Federal Medical Center (FMC),during the first democratic government of former Senator, Dr. (Alh) Abdullahi Adamu, the Sarkin Yakin Keffi, and the Aare Obateru of the source in the year 2003. The hospital then had a staff capacity of 1687with a bed space of 774.Currently the Federal Medical Center (FMC) Keffi has over 3687 work force (staff) with about 1200 bed space in estimate. FMC was built in order to create easy access to good medical facility to its populace (Nasarawa State) people of Nigeria at large.


The incidence of infant and child mortality has been of great concern to both the government and individuals. The needs for policies that may adequately arrest the situation cannot be achieved without some in depth acquaintance with the available dates. This study will address vital issues as the fate of infant mortality, child mortality, and age specific fertility. It will in addition consider the trend of infant and child mortality and the difference between them specifically at the Federal Medical Centre Keffi.


The aim of this study is to analyze the reported cases on the incidence of infant and child mortality in FMC Keffi. Specific objectives include;

i.  To test for the difference of two means between infant and child mortality rate.

ii.  To estimate infant and child mortality rate.

iii.  To estimate age specific fertility rate.

iv.  To determine the trend line and forecast of infant and child mortality.


It is expected that findings from the study will greatly assist Nasarawa State in determining the extent to which several measures that are put into place have been effective in reducing mortality rate in Nasarawa States.

The finding will also assist the government to come up with definite policies on how to minimize infant and child mortality rate.


In this study, the number of the mortality considered are two which are the infant and child mortality in Federal Medical Centre Keffi, Nasarawa State.


In the process of carrying out the research work time constraint and financial problem are the problems faced during the course of obtaining data from the medical center.


Ho:  There is no significant difference between infant and child mortality rate in FMC Keffi.

Hi:  There is significant difference between infant and child mortality rate in FMC Keffi


Neonatal Mortality: The probability of dying within the 1st month of life.

Infant Mortality: The probability of dying before the 1st birthday

Child Mortality: The probability of dying before the fifth birthday.

Crude Death Rate: This is the simplest and commonest mortality measurement it defines as the number of death in a year per one thousand of the mid population i.e.

CDR = D/P x k


D =number of death in a given year

P =total population of the mid-year

K = constant

Age Specific Death Rate: This is the number of death of person ofa given age during a year per one thousand (1000) populations. It isusually compared 5-10 years age range. Though consideration isusually given to the infant because of their relatively great multitude of death rates, hence separate rate are usually shown for the group.

Between 1 – 4  years.



A  is the number of deaths in a given year say 0 — 4 month

S  is the total population of age 0 — 4 month of mid-year K is the constant.

Specific Death Rate: This is the number of death from a given cause or group of causes during a year per ten thousand of mid-year population in cause specific death rate larger constant is used because there are relatively few deaths from many of the cause.


Not What You Are Looking For?

For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 2926 373

+234 701 5050 881

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!