Select Currency
Translate this page

HOME VARIABLE AND MAL-ADJUSTED BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  437 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

HOME VARIABLE AND MAL-ADJUSTED BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The home is a mini society and the society grows out of the home. The child is conceived at home and born at home, so the home is its first port of call (Odunukwe, 2008). The child moves from the home to the community and then to the society at large. According to Ikulayo (2003) the home is the first social contact in any human groupings and it is seen by sociologists as the microcosm (or a replica) of a society. At home, the interaction among various variables goes a long way in determining the type of behavior children are likely to exhibit (Olayinka, 1995, Omoegun 1995 and Dowell, 1996). These various variables of the home as enumerated by Odunukwe (2008) are type of parents, home atmosphere, socio-economic status of the parents, family size, birth order, relationship with other sibling and social cultural setting in which a child is born. All these affect the child as he is growing and even up to his working life.

Ikejiaku (2006) is of the opinion that the type of behaviour an indivdial develops is reflected in the kind of upbringing he receives Ijeoma in Odunukwe (2008) believes that sound personality development is achieved through healthy child rearing practices in the home. According to this author, a child inherits some behavioural traits from his parents and that good home gives the child a sense of security, love and mutual respect among others and allows the chil to think ahead for a fruitful future. A child who enjoys no love from the home is bound to develop several behavioural problems such as hatred for others in later life.

Oladele (1989) in Ikejiaku 2006) summarizes the influence of various home variables on mal-adaptive behaviour of children as follows:

1.  The rejecting home promotes submissiveness feelings of insecurity, nervousness and non- compliance.

2.  The overprotecting home promotes infantile and with drawal reactions, submissiveness, feelings of insecurity, jealousy and nervousness.

3.  Dominating parents have dependable, shy, submissive, polities, self-conscious children.

4.  Submissive parents have aggressive, careless, disobedient, independent and self-confident children.

5.  Disharmonious homes promotes aggressive, neurotic, jealous, delinquent, unco-operative children.

6.  Harmonious homes promote co-operation, good adjustments, superior achievement and independence.

7.  Defecting home promotes poorly adjusted, aggressive, jealous, diligent and neurotic children.

Since the home is the first port of call, the child’s social world and relationship begin with the family and then widened as the child grows older. So, the type of behaviour and attitudes of parents and other home variables affect to a large extent the child’s behavioural development. Based on the picture presented above, the researcher therefore examined the various home variables such as socio-economic status of parents, birth-order, family size and child-rearing approach and how they influence maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos. State.

1.2   THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

Seven models have been used to explain the cause of maladaptive, maladjusted behaviour. These models are:

1.2.1  COGNITIVE MODEL    

Cognitive perspective- “the school of psychology” that examines internal mental processes such as creativity, perception, thinking problem solving, memory and language; cognitive psychologists are interested in how a person understands, diagnosis and solves a problem, concerning themselves with the mental processes that mediate between stimulus and response. This view of maladaptive or maladjusted behaviour focuses on the mental process. The model postulates that thoughts and beliefs of the individual is central to the maladjusted behaviour he/she manifests. Among the leading scholars in this field is Gestalt.

1.2.2   MEDICAL MODEL  

This model suggests that the root cause of maladjusted behaviour will be found in the physical examination of the individual, such as hormonal imbalance, chemical deficiency, brain injury, etc. According to this model, and individual is judged to be maladaptive if the person can be assigned to a psychiatric category of DSM-IV or ICD-IO. Because many types of maladaptive behaviour have been linked to biological causes, the medical model seems to be a reasonable approach, athough Brunner (1993) has however report that recent advances in our understanding of  the biological bases of behaviour have supported the importance of considering physiological causes in abnormal or maladjusted behaviour.

1.2.3 HUMANISTIC MODEL

The model of maladjusted behaviour focuses on the control and responsibility that people have for their own behaviour. It concentrates on what is uniquely human, viewing people as basically rational and motivated to get along with others. (Rogers, 1980). This model also views people as having an awareness of life and constantly searching for meaning and self-worth. It argues that, as long as people’s behaviours are not hurting to other and they do bot feel personal distress they should be free to choose the behaviours they engage in. however, the short fall of humanistic model lies in its reliance on unscientific, unverifiable information (Aldridge, 1989).

1.2.4 BEHAVIOURAL MODEL

This school believes that maladjustment behaviours are equally acquired just as we acquire normal behaviours. It also explains that when an individual has a maladjusted behaviour, it is the behaviour that is the problem not the person. They believe since such behaviour has been learned, they can also be unlearned. According to the school, the person exhibiting any maladjusted haviour is not sick. He can unlearn it through retraining or conditioning. Among the leading proponents of this view are B.F Skinner and J.B Watson.

1.2.5 PSYCHO-ANALYTIC MODEL

This perspective seems to strongly support this study. It explains that maladaptive behaviour is learned within a social context ranging from the family, to the community, to the culture. According to this model the individual’s behavoiur is said to be maladjusted if it does not conform to the established culture of a society. 

1.2.7 ELECTIC MODEL

This model behaviour that maladaptive behaviour is not caused by a singular factor, rather than the interaction of various factors. Therefore, it proposes that maladjusted individuals can be helped combining at least two treatment models or techniques or even more.

1.3   STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

Adesua in Odunukwe (2008) lamented that the average Nigerian home is no more alive to its unique responsibilities. Many parents have ignorantly or unconsciously abandoned the training of their children in the pursuit of wealth (Olusakin and Ubungha, 1996). Apart from this, most home are the seat of violence, spousal abuse and problems. It is increasing becoming  difficult these days to come by home environment where all things work in good order for the child. In most cases, the reverse is the case. Coupled with these, is the ever increasing population of our society where the home is seen as the human manufacturing company. Thus, some homes are oversized, giving no adequate provision and security for her members.

Closely related to that is the incidence of maladjusted adults the make up the home. For instance some of the parents are known for unhealthy behaviours such as smoking fighting, disruptive behvaiours, immorality, social deviance and disregard for law, to mention a few. Consequent upon these problem there is an alarming rate in the increase of maladjusted behaviour among our adolescents. Today, our school, churches/mosques, and society are dominated by maladjusted adolescents.

Pringly in Ifeoma (1996) in the recent and related study discovered that prisons, mental homes, rehabilitation hospitals, remand homes constrain a high proportion of adolescents who from their homes lacked consistent continuous and concerned care. This according to Odunnukwe (2008) is disastrous to the individual and the society at large. Based on this, the study examined the influence of home variables on maladjusted behaviour among adolescences in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.  

1.4   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The aim of this study is to ascertain the extent to which the have variables influence maladjusted behaviour of adolescents. The researcher limits this study to these variables: family or home type, child-reaining approach, family size, socio-economic status of parent and this study therefore examined the influence of:

1.  Home type on maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

2.  Child-rearing approach on maladjusted behaviour among adolescents.

3.  Family- size on maladjusted behaviour behaviour among adolescents.

4.  Socio-economic status of parents on maladjusted behaviour among adolescents.

5.  Family relationship  on maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

1.5   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The questions guide the study

1.  Is there any relationship between home type and maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State?

2.  What will be the relationship between child-rearing approach and maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State?

3.  Does any relationship exist between family size and maladjusted behaviour?

4.   Would there be a significant relationship between socio-economics status of parents and maladjusted behaviour among adolescent in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State?

5.   Does family relationship coverlates with maladjusted behaviour among adolescent Local Area of Lagos State?.

1.6   RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

There hypotheses guided the study:

Ho1:  There will be no significant relationship between home type and maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Lcoal government Area of Lagos State.

Ho2:  There will be no significant relationship between child-rearing approach and maladjusted behaviour among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Ho3:  There will be no significant relationship between family size and maladjusted behaviour among adolescents from Isolo Local Government Aread of Lagos State.

Ho4:  Socio-economic status of parents will not be significantly correlated with maladjustment among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.    

Ho5:  Family relationship will not be significant correlated with maladjustment among adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

1.7   SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The outcome fo this study will be of great benefit to the home, the school system, the teachers, the counselors and parents as well as the society at large. The study will highlight the role played by the home in the development of maladjusted behaviour among adolescents. Thus, equipping the home to play her proper roles to enhance positive behavioural development. Also, it will identify how to enhance parents-child relationship thereby developing adjusted behaviours among adolescents.

The school will benefit form the study because it will highlight the roles of the school in assisting students from different homes especially those with maladjusted behaviour. It will help the school counselor to ascertain where, when and how to assist adolescents unlearn their maladjusted behvaiour and put up healthy behvaiour. Above all, the society will see the need to be upright in their behaviour because adolescent model these maladjusted behaviours from members of the society.

1.8   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study covers home variables and maladjusted behaviours. The home variables of interest to the researcher are the home type, child rearing approach, family size, socio-economic status of parent and family relationship.

1.9   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study is limited to adolescents in Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State. However, the study takes a global view of issue investigated.

1.10  DEFINITION OF TERMS

Home variable: These are factors associated directly with the home. Home variables are many among which are home type, family size, birth-order, parenting style, e.t.c. most studies have linked personality development to variables present in the home.

Mal-adjusted behaviour: This sis a form of behaviour which is believed to fall short of the standard of the society. In other word maladjusted behaviour is that behaviour which does not conform to the established culture of a society. Among adolescents, these behaviours include sexual deviance, violence and criminality, drug addiction, delinquency, lawlessness, examination malpractice e.t.c.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!