Select Currency
Translate this page

HOME FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF ACADEMIC STAFF JOB PERFORMANCE

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  419 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

ABSTRACT

This study examined the influence of home factors on academic staff job performance at the University of Lagos. In carrying out the study, five research questions and null hypotheses each were postulated to guide the study. The descriptive research design was used for the study. A modified version of instrument used by other researchers was used to assess the respondents’ opinions. Data collected from 100 respondents were analyzed using mean and Chi-square statistical tool, while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the analysis show that there is a significant relationship between marital stability, family income, health status and home size on the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff. It is concluded that marital stability affects the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff; family income and financial status affect the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff; health status of family members and also that of academic staff can affect their job performanceand the larger the home size is the higher the pressure on the income of University of Lagos academic staff which will also tell on their performance. It is recommended that academic staff should be given room for counseling that will cater for emotional wellbeing of university academic staff and adequate financial reward should be provided for University of Lagos academic staff so that they can perform their job adequately. It is suggested that a study be carried out on the influence of motivational strategies on job performance and commitment of academic staff of University of Lagos.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Universities all over the world have the prime objectives of imparting knowledge and producing sound intellectuals through teaching, research and community services. To effectively deliver these objectives, qualified and competent academics are harnessed. However, academic staff can only reach the peak performance if they are adequately motivated assuming that the issue of competence is taken as given. Therefore, effective job performance by the academic staff can only lead to the realization of the broad objectives for which universities are established. Fabunmi (2005) maintained that the success of university system depends  (not totally) on various environmental factors such as the available infrastructure, location of the school, the classroom condition, the architectural design of the school, the availability of standard library for studies and research and so on. He also mentioned that the condition of the home of any university employee plays a crucial role in getting an optimal performance from the employee.

The home of an employee can be seen in the light of physical and psychological condition of the house or where the employee lives. This has to do with the relationship and the effect of family, friends and the community on an employee. Albert (2008) defined home as a complex term that can encompass every activities that one does outside workplace. He believed that home is part of one’s journey to workplace, the environment that the employee lives, the people he lives with, the experience with neighbours, welfare of in-laws, friends and even where he worships, as some religious believes have a significant influence on workplace practices.

However, Voydancoff (2008) posited that meeting the often incompatible demand of family and work may create family-work conflict. For example, working long hours may prevent adequate performance of family responsibilities. Employee’s position in the family, marital status, marital expectations for example, when an employee has a problem with child bearing all these can have a psychological effect on the employee and are factors that often bring frictions between home and job. Jokotoye (2001) opined that some parents often frown at their daughters’ ambition of having their doctoral degree which would enhance their performance at work as such parents believe that men will be intimidated by their daughters’ achievement and would not be able to get husband. Ill-health of family member may also interfere with work as illness of one’s child may prevent attendance at work or make one to lose concentration at work.

Job performance is the ability of an employee to render effectively such services that he is paid to do.  Lombardi (2012) is of the view that the price of success is hard work, dedication and commitment to job at hand and determination that whether win or lose; we have applied the best of ourselves to the task at hand. Organization performance is the desire and ability on the part of employee to remain committed to the task agreed upon and given while diligently carrying out those tasks with no extra cost on the employer. While job commitment is a bond that links employee to the job, job performance can be seen as ability to deliver the service effectively and efficiently. Meyer and Allen (1997) classify employee performance into two groups, one group as Job Effective Performance while another group of employees may display Normative Way of Performance.

Adams (2004) argued that employees who are not performing in their jobs sometimes feel that they are treating their employers unfairly while some would eventually engage in withdrawal behaviour, which is a set of action employees perform to avoid the work situation-behaviour that may later culminate in quitting the job or being sacked. Job performance is individual psychological and physical contribution to the job. It is therefore necessary to improve what workers contribute in workplace so that maximum utilization of resources could be achieved.

Rogers (2000) advocated that one should never continue in a job which one feels that one is not performing, if one is not happy with one’s performance and in what one is doing, one will not have an inner peace. To Meyer (2012), performance is never an accident. It is always the result of the commitment to excellence, intelligent planning and focused effort. Lombardi (1997), in his own view, felt that the quality of person’s life is in direct proportion to their excellent performance, regardless of their chosen field of endeavors. However, due to the policy of location of university sites in Nigeria, accommodation problems have often been reported by various researchers (Adigun, 2011; Fashina, 2009; and Odedina, 2007) as one of the problems facing the Nigerian lecturers. Some of those who were interviewed by Fashina, lamented that their family members live miles away from them and for that they travel from time to time so as to ensure that various family responsibilities are met. Therefore, link has been established by Desmond (2009) and Orji (2007) between home environment and job performance. It is argued that the kind of home environment an employee comes from will determine his attitude and effort towards the job which will consequently impact their job performance. The extent to which this could be applied to job performance in a formal school setting is the basis for this study In view of the aforementioned, the study sought out the influence of marital stability, family size, family income and health status of the family members on staff job performance in University of Lagos.

Statement of the Problem

The number of university academic staff in Nigeria has witnessed a magnanimous growth in the last twenty years. Nigerian university system unlike in the past, now produces a great number of seasoned academic staff many of whom now ply their trade abroad as a result of global recognition. Some academic staff of Nigerian universities have also won laurels for themselves and made the country proud. However, the perception the parents, students and government on the contributions of the lecturers have not been positive. Parents and students often argue that university academic staff are unpatriotic and self-centered as they believe that instead of the university lecturers to concentrate on their primary assignment, they shuttle from one private university to another for part time jobs leaving their main job to suffer.

However, home factors, which include but not limited to stress, family income, marital stability, health status have often been blamed for their attitude towards their job performance. It is against this background that the researcher feels that it is necessary to investigate if  family income, marital stability, family health status and size of the family can affect the job performance of the academic staff of University of Lagos.   

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of home factors on academic staff job performance at the University of Lagos. To achieve this, the study specifically aims at:

1.  Finding out the influence of marital stability on academic staff job performance

2.  Investigating the influence of family income on academic staff job performance

3.  Investigating if there is any influence of health status of family members’ on academic staff job performance

4.  Investigating if there is any influence of home size on academic staff job performance.

Research Questions

The study provides answers to the following questions

1.  To what extent does marital stability influence academic staff job performance?

2.  Is there any influence of family income on academic staff job performance?

3.  How would health status influence academic staff job performance?

4.  Is there any influence of home size on academic staff job performance?

Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses are formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance to guide the study:   

Ho1: There is no significant influence of marital stability on the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff

Ho2: No significant influence of family income exists on the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff

Ho3: There is no significant influence of health status on the job performance of University of Lagos academic staff

Ho4: There is no significant influence of home size on the job performance University of Lagos academic staff

Significance of Study

The finding of this study is expected to serve as positive contribution to employers of academic staff of various universities in discovering the role of home on academic staff job performance and are expected to use this study as a basis for staffing process in the federal, state and private owned universities and it will also help them in making staffing policies that will help them adequately provide for the welfare of prospective lecturers so as to perform their job effectively.

This study will serve as a guide to others researchers who may be interested in finding answers to some issues on academic staff job performance. It will also help the policy makers in making adequate provisions for the academic staff so as to improve their performance.  The study will also enlighten the academic staff of universities on how to make adequate provision for their family members so as not to make themselves affected by pressure from home as it can affect their job performance.

Scope and Delimitations of the Study

This study is strictly concerned with the influence of home factors on academic staff job performance at the university Lagos. The study covers family income, health status, home size and how marital stability or the absence of it affects academic staff performance. The research is restricted to selected number of academic staff of University of Lagos.

Definition of Terms

The following terms have been defined operationally as follows:

Marital stability: This has to do with the conjugal status of a staff as intact or non-intact i.e. separated, divorce, happily married.

Family income: This can be seen in terms of the average earning of the family. This also means per capital income of the family. That is, an academic staff whose wife and children are not working will definitely have low par capital income.

Health status: Overall wellbeing of the organism. This is also a condition of physical, mental and social well-being or the absence of diseases or any other abnormal condition.

Job Performance: This is the ability to do the job that one is expected to do well

Home: This has to do with the finance, marital stability, family and friends that have impact on employee outside the work environment.

Marital stability: This has to do with if the marital experiences of an employee. Employee who has marital instability or failure are believed to sometimes duel on the marriage failure. 

Family income: Family income is the amount of money that comes into a family account. Too much dependants on a fixed income sometimes reduces the savings at the disposal of the family

Health status: This has to do with the medical wellbeing of the whole family. The amount of money and time spent in hospital or clinic will affect one’s disposable income.

Home size: This is the number of people living with an employee. They can be dependents or independent. More dependent number of people in a family will lower t5he per capital income of the family.

Effective Performance: This is ability to accomplish a set task

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!