Select Currency
Translate this page

EFCC AND FIGHT AGAINST MONEY LAUNDERING IN NIGERIA BETWEEN 2013 AND 2016

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  1162 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

EFCC AND FIGHT AGAINST MONEY LAUNDERING IN NIGERIA BETWEEN 2013 AND 2016

 

ABSTRACT

The research topic on EFCC and fight against money laundering in Nigeria between 2013 and 2016 aimed at determine the effect EFCC participation on the alleviation of money laundering in Nigeria. the study looked at the concept of money laundering and some theories to back it up, the primary data was used for the purpose of the research work; and chi-square was used for the purpose of the analysis; the p-value of 0.00 which is less than 0.05 level of significance we concluded that there is significant effect of EFCC participation in the alleviation of money laundering on the economic development of Nigeria. Major recommendations were made on the level of crises in Nigeria since it was discovered that most of the terrorist attacks on Nigeria were masterminded by money looters in Nigeria.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Money laundering in Nigeria has become something else in recent times; there have been an endless war against corruption and money laundering. Money laundering is usually found mostly in the federal government parastaters. A fight against money laundering have always been a lost battle but the EFCC is doing their best to bring it to minimum if not the resolve it. Money laundering is an act of taking money that is not duely assigned to you. The money might be for the purpose of budget. There was a memo as at novernber 20, 2014 submitted by the Chief of Air Staff, A.N. Amosu, revealed that Mr. Eze had on November 4, 2014 submitted a proposal to the office of the National Security Adviser proposing to supply the upgraded helicopters to the NAF. The tone of Mr. Eze’s letter, obtained by us, indicated that he was deeply involved in sourcing and supplying hardware to the Nigerian military as it is embroiled in a fight against Boko Haram militants. For instance, on August18, 2014 alone, the sum of N26.68m in eight transactions; N178.54m in 43 transactions on August 19, 2014; N17.38m on September 3, 2014; N90.53m on November 11, 2014; N30.70m on November 11, 2014; N13.54m on November 26, 2014; N67m on December 5, 2014; and N10.80m on December 16, 2014 what are all these money for? There is money laundering all over Nigeria in recent times.

In the year 2013, the governor of Benue state Dr Susuam was interrogated by the EFCC concerning some amount of money he is taking out of the country; question was asked concerning the money, the governor told the EFCC of Nigeria that he was going to get foreign pigs for agriculture in Benue state up till today there is nothing of such like agriculture in Benue State.

In the month of July 2015, it was reported by the Sahara Reporters that an investigative report that revealed connections between Mrs. Alison-Madueke, Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), and Atlantic Energy. This website reported, “on July 19, 2010, Atlantic Energy Drilling Concept Limited (AEDCNL) was incorporated as a portfolio company,” adding that this was barely three months after Mrs. Alison-Madueke assumed office as the Minister of Petroleum Resources. The report continued: “Atlantic Energy, even without prior record of successful experience in the oil and gas sector, announced that it had entered into a Strategic Alliance Agreement (SAA) with the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC) in April 2011. That was exactly six months before AEDCNL was legally born.”

One oil industry expert told Sahara Reporters that there was widespread shock when Mrs. Alison-Madueke awarded an unknown company like Atlantic Energy a strategic agreement with the NPDC “without following any process as stipulated in the government procurement laws and policy.” The stated that oil industry operators knew that the deal between Atlantic Energy and the NPDC “was an unholy arrangement” between the former minister, top NPDC officials, Kola Aluko and Jide Omokore. He identified Mr. Omokore as a “controversial business mogul” and political financier.

In the 2016 regime, the prisendent of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari has once again shown commitment to fight corruption in all sectors of Nigeria; he sent “Money laundering (Prevention and Prohibition) bill, 2016” to the National Assembly.

The bill, among others, were all in demand for the establishment of a Bureau for Money Laundering Control (BMLC) to tackle money laundering related cases in the country. When established, the BMLC would ensure that all designated businesses and professions comply with the provisions of the money laundering act and exercise supervision. The bill also seeks to grant full autonomy to the BMLC in the discharge of its functions and responsibilities, if established. The bureau would be run through an advisory board to be headed by a chairman, who will be appointed by the president on the advice of minister of Justice and Attorney-General of the federation, Daily Trust reports.

Defining money laundering, the bill says; “a person who knows, ought reasonably to have known or suspects that property has a criminal origin, commits an offence if he conceals, disguises, converts, transfers or removes the property from Nigeria”. “To conceal or disguise criminal property includes concealing or disguising its nature, source, location, disposition, movement or ownership or any rights with respect to it”, it stated. It added that a person commits an offence if he enters into or becomes concerned in an arrangement which he knows, ought reasonably to have known, or suspects, facilitates by whatever means, the acquisition, retention, use or control of property that has a criminal origin by or on behalf of another person.

The bill further prescribed stiff penalty for anybody found culpable of money laundering and upon conviction, the person shall be liable of an imprisonment for a term of not less than seven years without the option of a fine. Also, under the new law, any bank that is found guilty of money laundering offence would be liable to a fine of not less than N25m and a designated not-financial business and profession would get a fine of not less than N10m, if found guilty of similar offence. It also prescribed three years imprisonment or above for any anybody that fails to report persons involved in money laundering. It was learnt that the bill would be considered when the lawmakers resume plenary on Feb. 16. All these aimed at reducing the rate of corruption and money laundering in Nigeria.

According to Steel (2006), money laundering is said to be what it is because it shows how “illegal” and “dirty” monies are put through a cycle of transactions and washed, so it could come out as clean/legal money. This means that the source of this fund (illegal money) is obscured through a succession transfers and deals that those same funds can eventually be made to appear as good money. In the Dictionary of Finance and Banking (2008), this term “money laundering” was refers to as a process where money is acquired illegally either through theft, drug dealing etc, is cleaned so that it will appear to have come from a legitimate source. The origin of this “devil” (money laundering) could not be ascertained by anyone, but there are several opinions that it started several thousand years ago with Chinese merchants. In the words of silkscreen (1994) and Steel (2006) they claimed that it all started from Mafia Ownership of Laundromats, in the United States where they needed to prove the genuine source for their monies, as they earned their cash from extortion, prostitution, gambling and bootleg liquor. Also according to silkscreen (1994), the development of money laundering was for trade and that Nigeria as a country is the centre of money laundering in Africa. Nigeria’s historical record of exploitation goes as far back as when her people were used as slaves under British colony and as an independent and a sovereign country experiencing transition from a military dictatorship to a democratic form of government after over 16years of military rule. Now, with the democratic form of government, money laundering is still on the increase. With this rate of scans in Nigeria financial sector, the law enforcement decided to come up with legislative act called the money laundering (prohibition) Act 2004, this was followed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Anti-money laundering compliance manual guidelines from Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC, 2003), Independent Corrupt Practices Commission ICPC, 2000). All agencies were changed with the responsibility of fight against money laundering and enforcement of all laws dealing with economic and financial crimes in Nigeria.

1.2   STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

EFCC have been trying to bring down money laundering in Nigeria but it is difficult to fight against the parastater that created the EFCC, the issue of money laundering is on the increase in Nigeria. ranging, money laundering through drugs, cheating and stealing. Every administration that is coming in always promise to fight corruption but at the end of the day, they became corrupt or they make it worse. People have being crying; who could make it right. The federal government of Nigeria and the EFCC are really fighting to bring down corruption in Nigeria.

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.  Will the EFCC participation in other activities make them effective in preventing money laundering?

2. What are the roles of the federal government of Nigeria in fighting corruption?

3. Does corruption have any significant effect on the growth and development of Nigeria?

4. What are the importance of money of laundering?

5. What are the best ways of stopping money laundering?

6.  Does money laundering have significant effect on the future leaders?

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: There is no significant effect of EFCC participation in the alleviation of money laundering on the economic development of Nigeria.

H1: There is significant effect of EFCC participation in the alleviation of money laundering on the economic development of Nigeria.

1.5 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The aim of the research work is to determine the following:

1.  The effectiveness of the EFCC in the alleviation of money laundering in Nigeria.

2. The roles of the federal government of Nigeria in fighting corruption.

3. The effect of money laundering on the economic growth and development of Nigeria.

4.  The disadvantages of money of laundring.

5. The best way of stoping money laundring in Nigeria.

6.  The effect of money laundring on the performance of the future leaders of Nigeria.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The research work is a very interesting one as it reveal the significant effect of EFCC participation in the alleviation of  money laundring on the economic development of Nigeria. the study also shows the best possible ways to prevent corruption in Nigeria. The study discussed the role of the federal government of Nigeria in fighting corruption and money laundring in Nigeria stating the significant effect of money laundring on the economic development of Nigeria. the study also explained the concepts of money laundring and the history of money laundring in Nigeria. it also shows the journey so far on the alleviation of corruption and money laundring in Nigeria.

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study is limited to the history of money laundry in Nigeria, the effect of money laundring on the economic development of Nigeria.  the study discussed the areas of high rate of money laundring in Nigeria. the study covers the role of EFCC in the development of Nigeria. the research work made use of research questionnaires to gather the responses of the respondents on the role of EFCC on the alleviation of money laundring in Nigeria and a method of chi-square was used for the purpose of the analysis.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS: The researcher was not with sufficient funds to travel to varrious agencies that are responsible for the alleviation of money laundring in Nigeria. but was able to get good information from the responses for the purpose of the research work.

TIME CONSTRAINTS: Due to limited time, the research could not do more research concerning the topic so as to be able to meet up with time giving to him or her to present the research work. But he or she was able to get meaning information with the shor time for the purpose of the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

MONEY LAUNDRING: is the generic term used to describe the process by which criminals disguise the original ownership and control of the proceeds of criminal conduct by making such proceeds appear to have derived from a legitimate source.

EFCC: The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) is a Nigerian law enforcement agency that investigates financial crimes such as advance fee fraud (419 fraud) and money laundering.

 

REFERENCES

Advance Fee Fraud and Other Fraud Related Offences Decree No.13 of 1995 Act Cap. A 6 L.F.N. 2004 repealed by Advance Fee Fraud and Other Fraud Related Offences Act 2006. 

Becker Kristina. F. (2004), Fact Finding Study: The Informal Economy. 

International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences Vol. 3 (4), pp. 170–184, © 2013 HRMARS 183. 

Brent L.B (2002), “The Negative Effects of Money Laundering on Economic Development” International Economics Group Dewey Ballantine LLP for the Asian Development Bank Regional Technical Assistance Project No.5967 Countering Money Laundering in the Asian and Pacific Region.

Celarier, M. (1997), Privatization: A Case Study in Corruption, Journal of International Affairs. Volume 50, No 2.

Central Bank of Nigeria (2002) Money Laundering, Its meaning, Process and Impact. Banking Supervision Department, Lagos. 

Dictionary of finance and banking (2008), Oxford University Press, UK. 

Dunia Amos (2011), Senate passes money laundering bill. The Sun (Nigeria) online news magazine. 

Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (establishment) Act, No. 5 2002.Act Cap. E1 L.F.N. 2004 repealed by Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (establishment) Act, No. 1 2004.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!