Select Currency
Translate this page

EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 48  |  1702 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

ABSTRACT

This study was centered on exploring options for improving livelihoods and resource management in Nigeria coastal communities. The main objective of this study is to examine ways of improving resource management and livelihood. The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; questionnaires in addition to library research were applied in order to collect data. Primary and secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the correlation statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The respondents under the study were 200residents of Port Harcourt.  The study findings revealed the following; effective government implementation of contracts can help improve the livelihood of Nigeria coastal communities. Ensuring transparency by government and stakeholders would enhance resource management in Nigeria coastal management.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION  

1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Nigeria is endowed with a long coastline of about 960km, a large area of inshore waters, and a vast inland system comprising natural and man-made lakes, rivers, creeks, lagoons and wetlands all of which support a good variety of fisheries. Thus, artisanal fisheries occupy a very significant position in the Nigerian economy providing employment for over 400,000 people and supplying about 90% of the total local production of about 300,000 metric tons (FDF, 1997). It impacts on the quality of lives of various groups through supplying 58% of per capita animal protein intake and engagement in fishing and allied occupations as primary or secondary source of income (IFAD, 1997). Fisheries resources represent the foci of the livelihood activities of most coastal communities. About 300,000 indigenous people and migrant fishermen, mostly Ghanaians, depend on fisheries resources as the main source of sustenance, assets and investment capital (Liverman, 1999). Fishing supply 75% of their animal protein intake, and more than 98% of the population of the fishing communities is dependent on fishing and fishery related activities. Over 80% are engaged primarily in fishing as the main source of livelihood while about 95% are engaged directly or indirectly in the fishing industry. Some communities date back to the 18th century when the original settlers first arrived (e.g. Orimedu, Lagos State) (Dosunmu, 2007). Six major livelihood groups that depend largely on fisheries and aquatic resources are small-scale fisher, fish processors, fish mongers / marketers, net fabricators, boat builders and out board engine mechanics. To these livelihood groups, the acquisition of assets, such as shelter, boats, nets, engines, fishing gears, is mainly through fishing, fish processing, marketing and other fish related activities (Caldwell, 1996). Similarly, their financial requirements for investment, food consumption, education, health and other family needs depend on fishery.

According to Murray (2002), the vulnerability of each livelihood is relative to the percentage of dependence of each livelihood on the fisheries resources / activities. It is hinged on the state of the resource / stock exploitation, growth rate, emigration, local knowledge, varieties of technologies in use and policy. The vulnerability of this livelihood group in the coastal fishing communities is in terms of environmental shock e.g. erosion in the Benin River System destroying nursery grounds of the fisheries resources; accretion on the Lagos East; mud flat in the Mahin coastline, and the resultant drudgery in landing of boat.

Population presents a formidable challenge to food security and employment opportunities. In the coastal communities, population densities per habitable area are high as the wetland ecology of the region restricts habitation to the relatively small are of higher elevation (Haugaard, 2003). This therefore translates to higher pressure on the fisheries resources that are the bedrock of these coastal communities livelihood. Moreover there are issues with resource base. Changes in abundance due to recruitment failure or environmental impact resulting in poor catches and multiple user conflict occasioned by trawler menace, destroying nets due to trawling in non-trawling zone of the coastal waters.

Furthermore, there are issues of communal conflict – e.g. Bakasi are in Akwa-Ibom compelling fishermen to abandon fishing and going into motor bike transportation business in the cities and changes in macro-economic policies – removal of subsidy on fishing inputs, non-preferential interest rate on fishery loans (interest rate on loan determined by free market strategy) and difficulty accessing credit facility, high rate of inflation, increased cost ofinputs, resulting in difficulty in input replacement, continuous use of input beyond designed life span, incessant breakdown and irregular fishing trips and low catches and the risk of losing life at sea. All these has called for the need to explore options for improving the livelihoods and resource management in the Nigerian coastal communities.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The major constraints to artisanal fisheries and other fishing-related employment opportunities for the people living in the coastal communities in Nigeria include poor rural infrastructure, particularly accessibility, education, electricity, health, water and sanitation facilities. Indeed, poverty in the fishing coastal communities as in other rural Nigeria may be said to be due to the constraints of lack of basic infrastructure as this inhibits efficiency, reducesthe quality of their products and puts enormous strains on their living conditions. It also makes it too easy for diseases to infest them and upset their fragile income-earning capacity. However, this study is exploring options for improving the livelihoods and resource management in Nigeria coastal communities.

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

1. To examine ways of improving the livelihood of the Nigerian coastal communities.

2. To examine ways of improving resource management in Nigerian coastal communities.

3. To identify the challenges faced by people dwelling in the Nigerian coastal communities.

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1. What are ways of improving the livelihood of the Nigerian coastal communities?

2. What are the ways of improving resource management in Nigerian coastal communities?

3. What are the challenges faced by people dwelling in the Nigerian coastal communities?

1.6     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The following are the significance of this study:

1.  The outcome of this study will expose the livelihood challenges faced in the Nigerian coastal communities. It will also explore options for improving livelihood and effective resources management in the Nigerian coastal communities.

2. This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area

1.7     SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This study will cover livelihood challenges and ways of improving it in the Nigeria coastal communities with emphasis on effective resource management.

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Not The Topic You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 55 397 8005


HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT ON EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES INSTANTLY

  • Click on the Download Button above.
  • Select any option to get the complete project immediately.
  • Chat with Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 for further assistance.
  • All projects on our website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do I get this complete project on EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES?

Simply click on the Download button above and follow the procedure stated.

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can I get this complete project on EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES?

Within 15 minutes if you want this exact project topic without adjustment

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

What if I want to change the case study for EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA COASTAL COMMUNITIES, What do i do?

Chat with Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How will I get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!