Select Currency
Translate this page


Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 50  |  1066 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000





This research is focused on verb and adverbial phrases, their uses and problems in contextual grammar. Data was gotten from answers of students who were the respondents to the questionnaire used. The verb is the basic word in a sentence. It is the key word that gives meaning to a concept. This definition takes care of doing words like jump, laugh, and dance -etc. The grammatical implication of these words is that the actions are being carried out. When a verb comes in a form of two or more words, it becomes a verb phrase. The definition of an adverb in terms of form may be misleading at times. This is so because some people hold the opinion that words ending in "Ly" is enough to identify an adverb. The role of adverbs is very central in the English language. Adverbials, comprise, adjuncts, conjuncts and disjuncts. Not many students can identify adverbs without the "ly" suffix, just as very few students are familiar with the clause of adverbs. From the research, it shows also that not many students can make use of adverbial phrases correctly. The unpredictable nature of the adverb poses problem to students. The research advises that teachers look at some basic words that are unavoidable in the teaching of verbs. Teachers should explain, the finite, transitive and intransitive verbs. Adverbials include particles and phrases, therefore the term is more complex than the adverb as well' as its unpredictable nature. This should not persuade a teacher to overlook the concepts of adverbial phrase.



The verb is the basic word in a sentence. It is the key word that gives meaning to a concept. The word verb comes from the Latin and "Verbum" meaning "the word". Traditional grammar defines verb as an action word or words that refer(s) to an action or state. This definition takes care of doing words like jump, laugh dance, eat etc. The grammatical implication of these words is that the actions are being carried out. In this definition, there is no reflection of any word. Example of this type of words include: "perceive, know, sense, think".

The Oxford Advanced Dictionary defines a verb as a word or phrase indicating what somebody or something does. What state, somebody or something is in, what is becoming of somebody or something.

According to Oji Nzobunachi (1988:26) the verb is a word that fits into an inflectional verbal paradigm like nouns. Verbs belong to the open system members. This class get added to the verb class mainly by the process of adoption and modification of words from other classes. Examples are:


























Verbs changes with time. This inflectional changes of the verb leads to the conception of a tense. It might be from present to past.

The function uses of the verb are: ­

Making statement - Uche is coming.

Asking questions - Did you go to school yesterday?

Giving command - Stand up!

The verb may be in a single word as exemplified above or in a group of two or more words.

In English language, there are called verb phrase. A verb phrase usually contains the auxiliary and main verb. According to Christopherson Paul (1980:55) verb phrases can be seen as a sequential performing the function of a verb or can be substituted by a single verb. He also opines that verbal phrases or groups are made up of auxiliary, examples are;

a)   They are eating rice

b)  He has done the work

c)   He will come tomorrow

d)  Uche is driving a car

In the above examples, ‘are’, ‘will’, ‘has’, ‘is’, are all acting in the auxiliary forms.

Adverb is one of the eight major parts of speech as identified by Boadi L.A. (198:64). However, it is very hard to define. This is due to the fact that it varies greatly both in forms and in terms of the position they may occupy in a sentence.

A definition of the adverb in terms of form may be misleading at times. This is so because some people hold the opinion that words ending in "ly" are: sufficient manifestations of adverbs and from this point of view neglect the fact that there are words like, fatherly, brotherly, dearly, that end in "ly" but are' not adverbs. In addition, if the determination of adverbs is on the concepts then some certain adverbs like, here, tomorrow, yesterday, up, often, sometimes and seldom will be neglected. Adverb can therefore be seen as words that modify verbs and adjectives and other adverbs. Adverbs also answer the question, where, when and how.

The role of adverbs is very central in the English Language Adverbials comprise, Adjuncts, Conjuncts and Disjuncts. The attention that will be given to adjuncts consists of adverbial of time, place, manner and reason. Adverbs which state where an action takes place are called adverb of place example here, out anywhere. Adverbs of time state when the action of a verb takes place, example: daily, soon, now, today. Adverbs of a reason state "why" an action is done, example, why?

Thus adverbial can be defined as adverb phrase. A very important aspect of the use of adverbial modification is that of polarity as it is been called. Polarity is the contract between positive and negative utterances. The simplest way of transforming positive sentences into a negative one, is by means of the insertion of the adverb "not" in the appropriate place - he is here/he is not here. Usually, however there is a case of redundancy in the system. The adverb `not' often needs the co-operators do, does, did, in order to make the system work, as in I saw him yesterday.

Adverbs and adverbial phrases can be classified into two complementary ways:­

(a) According to the kind of concepts they express, manner place, time, degree etc.

(b) According to the position they normally occupy in the sentence. Unfortunately, there is no single correspondence between the kind of adverbial and the position it occupies in a sentence, but we can draw a few general conclusion and then show how usage may depart from the normal. Adverbial may occur at the end of sentences.

The problems posed by adverbials are many and diverse, most students do not recognize adverbials that do not end with the "ly" suffix, some do not recognize adverbials that make concessions like "although, however" etc. Disjuncts like "obviously, honestly, frankly speaking" are not readily identified as adverbials.


This study is to investigate the followings:

(1) To examine the extent to which verb and adverbial phrases are important to student who are learning English language as a second language

(2) To identify the variable factors that create handicap in the teaching and learning of adverbials in the secondary schools.

(3) To arouse interest in both students, teachers and even casual readers on the place of verb and adverbials in sentences

(4) The research questionnaire will be used to get- responses from both students and English Language teachers in some secondary schools.  .


Verbal and adverbial usages create a lot of difficulties amongst students. Their contextual usage abound owing to their structural and abstract definition. A number of students are unable to use and identify verb and adverbs correctly even in the senior school certificate examination (SSCE). This is mainly due to the fact that they (students) believe that the suffix "ly" is sufficient evidence that a word is an adverb, but this is far from true.

It is also important to note that teachers of the English `language, seem not to teach verbs and adverbs well; they teach these topics haphazardly, regarding verbs and Adverbial phrases are supposed to be taught for a full week or two, but one will find out that some teachers just teach them for two days and move over to a fresh topic entirely.

Moreover, more attention is given to some parts of speech like nouns, adjective than adverbial. They seem to regard them to be more important. Greater emphasis is given to other parts of speech than verb and adverbs, mainly because teachers feel that adverbials rarely appear in external examinations like General Certificate Examination (G. C. E), Joint Admission Matriculation Board (J.A.M.B). Again, some teachers appear not serious in correcting their student’s mistakes in verb and adverbial but rather refer them to textbooks that are not readily available to the students. Even students who come buy such books are unable to understand them, since they are not well taught. Therefore, this study aims at filling these gaps hence this study on the Analysis of verbs and adverbial usages in contextual grammar.


1. Do students find it difficult to use verbs and adverbs in sentences?

2. Can students identify adverb without the "ly" suffix when they occur in sentences?

3. Are these students who are familiar with the classes of adverbs such as adjuncts, conjuncts and disjuncts?

4. Do students use adverbial' phrases correctly?

5. Is the unpredictable nature of adverbs a problem to students learning English as a second language?


This research will help to buttress the relevance of verb and adverbial phrases towards the development of the student's use of English.

It will also help in identifying them easily in their everyday

English usage. For instance in the sentences such as:

(a)    The cat slowly picked the fish and ran away quickly.

(b)    Mary stupidly smacked at the man:

In these two sentences above, the students are most likely to spot out the adverbs, which are, "slowly, quickly, and stupidly," because they have the ending "ly".

Furthermore, this research will help to suggest a way through which students and teachers would develop interest in the use and study of verb and adverb as part of the English studies and should not be taught haphazardly - rather they, are to be given greater attention.

The study is also significant because of the significance of the verb and adverbials in the study of English. There is the need for students to be conversant -with- verb and adverbials to use them correctly and also to apply them where necessary.


1.  This research is limited to the study of Verb and adverbial phrases and their recognition in contextual grammar

2.  The amount of work expected to be done in this research study is limited due to limited resources. As a student researcher, inadequate funds crippled an extensive research, hence limiting the research area to only Ifako local government area of Lagos in which the research resides.

3.  However, the researcher is very convinced that the few schools used for the research is a strong representative of the educational level of schools in the local government area. The researcher will bring into focus the use of verb and adverbials amongst secondary school students.

4.  Time factor is another basic hindrance to an extensive research, for the research had to be done in a very: short time. Furthermore, inadequate sources and books for the research negated the wide coverage and enhancement of the work. Textbooks on verbs and adverbs were not easily found. This also limited the research on this topic.


Not What You Are Looking For?

For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 2926 373

+234 701 5050 881

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!