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THE IMPACT OF TRAINING ON EMPLOYEES IN AN ORGANIZATION
This study looked into the impact of training of employees in organization. There are companies that do not encourage their employee on the training program due to many actors, to study this and other problems research questions were formulated for the study. Data were collected through the techniques of the questionnaire, interview and personal observation. The sampling technique was used in the study. The method of data analysis used was simple percentage and chi-square to test the hypothesis. It was discovered that training and development lead to increase productivity and organization efficiency. The researcher encouraged training and development of employees for their mutual benefits.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Abstract - - - - -
Table of Content - - - -
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study - -
1.2 Statement of the Problem -
1.3 Purpose of the Study - -
1.4 Research Questions - -
1.5 Research Hypothesis - -
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study -
1.7 Significance of the Study - -
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction - - - - 2.2 Recruitment a Selection of Personnel - - 2.3 Management Development and Staff Training in Personnel Administration - - -
2.4 Training and Development of Managers -
2.5 Training and Development Method - -
2.6 Training - - - - - CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design - - - - - 3.2 Population of the Study - - - 3.3 Sampling Technique - - - - 3.4 Sample Size - - - - 3.5 Method of Data Analysis - - - CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data Presentation - - - - 4.2 Data Analysis - - - - - 4.3 Test of Hypothesis - - - - 4.4 Discussion of Findings - - - - CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary of Findings- - - - - 5.2 Recommendations - - - - References - - - - -
Appendix - - - - - -
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
One can say that once an employer has been recruited and added to an organization workforce, the process of training should begin. A new recruit is raw while a well trained employee represents a finished product. One obvious purpose of training is to prepare a ne recruit to perform the duties for which he or she has been hired. If an employer fails to provide the training, the new employee may learn by trial and error which frequently wastes time, and materials and money. Training to improve skill and knowledge is no new comers. These performances of current employee can often be improved through additional training. Managers need constantly develop their skill to avoid falling into obscene, in view of the constant change in product, technology, policies and procedure in the world of business, continual training and development are necessary to update knowledge and skills. Only with such training can employee meet the changing demands placed on them both employees and employers have states in the advancement of qualified personnel to higher level position. Preparation for advancement and improvement usually involve development efforts possible of different type than those need to sharpen skills for current duties, because personal development and advancement are prime concern of able employees. The opportunity to grow and prove up in organization applicants, an employee training is an important part of comprehensive quality management program. It is to promote higher quality workmanship. Training should not depend on half hazard learning, but should be planned. Controlled trainee program, an amount spent on training and development should not be counted as a waste because it is return are enormous in terms of improved efficiency (higher productivity with lower cost) and hence higher profitability. In fact training and development expenditure should be viewed as capital expenditure in the sense that its benefit last over years and it enhances the earning capacity, growth and development of the organization. Organizations that welcome training and development have added competitive edge over other that account for the clear difference between successful and unsuccessful organization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Many organizations tend to consider training and development expenditure as follows. Management sees it as waste of time since they can make their profit in the short run as a result of this, productivity have fallen, since organization place emphasis on profit instead of efficiency.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study among others includes;
1. To find out if training and development can actually motivate employees.
2. To find out if training and development of employee can cause organization productivity and efficiency.
3. To find out how some employers deny training and development program to their employees.
4. To find out the consequences of neglect of training and development employees.
5. To encourage organization to make the best use of training and development of employees in achieving organizational objective.
6. To make recommendation based on the finding of the study.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following questions were put forward in this study. 1. To what extent does training and development affect increase in productivity? 2. To what extent has training and development as a motivating factor that can spur employee to work hard?
3. To what extent does training and development enhance organizational efficiency?
4. To what extent does these factors (poor staffing, staff attitude after training, lack of funds, huge expenses involved, desire to increase profit, lack of information, forms and benefit of programs) contribute to employers denial of training and development program?
5. To what extent does poor productivity, poor work/wastages, lack of innovations, huge losses, retards of growth and expansion, employees redundancy the consequences of neglect of training and development of employee?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Ho: There is no significant relationship between development of employees and organization productivity.
H1: There is a significant relationship between development of employees and organization productivity.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study looks into the impact of training and development in an organization with WRPC Ekpan as a case study. the study thus intends to examine the elements in the motivational mix. It does not consider the application of training and development of government and private sector. It cover areas deems necessary and relevant by the researcher in achieving the objective of the study. The time used is conflicted with the time to take other lecture, family responsibility and social engagements. Thus, the researcher had to sacrifice some other functions to successfully complete the study. The cost of conducting the research was enormous, the researcher had to produce questionnaire, pay transport fares, for their distribution and collection including the documentation of the entire study. All this fund could have been invested in other alternative income yielding investment. The researcher meets another obstacle while collecting the data from respondents. Some respondent expressed fear of being implicated in answering question they consider as touching matters regarded as official secrets of their organization. The researcher however managed these factors effectively so as to reduce their effect to significant level.
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The study is very important and beneficial in the following ways.
1. It will encourage organizations to train and develop their employee, thereby improving on their skill and productivity.
2. When employees are well trained they could attain responsible position through promotion and increase financial reward would help in raising their standard of living.
3. When organization achieves high productivity and efficiency through training and development they would achieve growth expansion and development.
4. Thus, organizations will be able to offer more employment opportunities to the unemployed.
5. The employment of the unemployed would help to eliminate or will help to eliminate or reduce the crime waves in the country.
6. The government will also benefit through collection of higher amount of tax to raise their revenue as organization becomes efficient, grow and expand. This study will provide good literature that will be useful to both student and future researchers in their academic assignment.
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