ECOLOGY OF TICKS (ACARINA IXODIDAE) ON CATTLE .

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  233 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Ecology Of Ticks (acarina Ixodidae) On Cattle .

 

The study on ecology of ticks on cattle was carried out in Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK) Awka and environs, where cattle-grazing occurred continuously. Eighty cattle and twenty 40m2 quadrats were conventionally sampled for ticks in UNIZIK between April 2009 and March 2012. The 608 ticks recovered from cattle comprised 386 (63.5%) in Wet Season and 222 (36.5%) in Dry Season while the 1441 from pasture comprised 851 (59.1%) in Wet Season and 590 (40.9%) in Dry Season. Genera of ticks on the sampled cattle during respective Wet and Dry Seasons were Amblyomma 78 (20.2%) & 37 (16.7%), Boophilus 84 (21.8%) & 43 (19.4%), Hyalomma 135 (34.9%) & 84 (37.8%), and Rhipicephalus 89 (23.1%) & 58 (26.1%). Amblyomma species were recovered from practically all parts of cattle, Boophilus and Rhipicephalus species were commonly found around head and trunk regions while Hyalomma species were recovered mainly from the limbs and adjoining lower parts of the body. NIKE AIR MAX 2017 HEREN DAME LOVERS ZWART WIT Average tick burdens were 77.2 ticks/head (Wet Season) and 44.4 ticks/head (Dry Season), with the Wet and Dry Seasons compositions as Amblyomma (15.6 and 7.4), Boophilus (16.8 and 8.6), Hyalomma (27 & 16.8), and Rhipicephalus (17.8 & 11.6). Nike Air Max 90 Dames Female to male Sex ratio of the adult ticks was 1: 1.68 (Wet Season) and 1: 1.66 (Dry Season). For the genera, the Wet and Dry Seasons female to male ratios were Amblyomma 1: 1.53 & 1: 1.54, Boophilus 1: 1. 98 & 1: 1.8, Hyalomma 1: 1.68 & 1: 1.64, and Rhipicephalus 1: 1.58 & 1: 1.7. Differences in sex ratios among the genera were not significant (P>0.05) but sexual dimorphism occurred, with males being smaller than females. Air Max 2016 Dames Goedkoop Mean abundance of ticks on the sampled quadrats were 42.5 (Wet Season) and 29.5 (Dry Season), comprising Amblyomma (19.5 and 10.8), Boophilus (10.0 and 9.4), Hyalomma (3.5 and 3.5), and Rhipicephalus (9.5 and 5.8). Larvae of Boophilus, larvae and adults of Hyalomma, and all forms of Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus were found on sampled quadrats, thus confirming the statuses of Boophilus as 1-host tick, Hyalomma as 2-host tick, with Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus as 3-host ticks. Average Wet Season densities (ticks/m2) on respective locations of ‘very high’, ‘high’, ‘moderate’, ‘low’, and ‘very low’ intensity-of-cattle activities were 1.66, 0.9, 0.98, 0.49, and 0.82 (P<0.05). Similarly, Dry Season densities (ticks/m2) on these locations were 1.52, 0.9, 0.49, 0.10, and 0.00 respectively (P<0.05). Abundance of ticks on quadrats had direct relationship with the spatial ranking of intensity of cattle activities on the sampled location. Nike Air Max 2016 Heren Amblyomma species was dominant in UNIZIK, and there were significant differences (P<.05) between the respective Wet and Dry Seasons Indices of Dominance calculated for Amblyomma species in the ‘very high’ intensity of cattle activity location were 0.1940 & 0.1320, ‘high’ (0.2570 & 0.1420), ‘moderate’ (0.2338 & 0.1326), ‘low’ (0.1377 & 0.1250), and ‘very low’ (0.2462 & 0.0). However, Hyalomma species was found to be the most dominant species on cattle sampled in UNIZIK. It was inferred that cattle introduced these ticks into UNIZIK. Nike Air Max 90 CamouflagDame The genera of ticks in UNIZIK are well-known vectors of disease pathogens in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria. Result of this study will help to fill the gap on the knowledge of the diversity, abundance and dynamics of ticks in UNIZIK, as well as increase public health awareness on the hazards associated with ticks.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent