Select Currency
Translate this page


Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-4  |  Pages: 56  |  1407 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000







Marriage is an important institution worldwide particularly in Africa. For its importance, marriage has been categorized differently; we have the traditional marriage which takes into consideration customs and norms, followed by Islamic and Christian marriages which are often regarded as modern marriages. In this present dispensation the three marriages have borrowed a lot of things from one another that one hardly distinguished each one. Traditional marriage being the oldest though not abolished but is relegated to the background so much that in most places it remains a shadow of itself. So when people perform traditional marriage one finds out that it is only the name that remains. This therefore raises the question of whether people still know what traditional marriage is. It is against this background that the researcher wish to study traditional marriage among Ibiaku clan in Mkpatenin Local Government Area of AkwaIbom state to bring back into lime light the lost memory of the people’s traditional marriage.


The main objective of this study is to make an in-depth study of the traditional marriage system among Ibiaku clan and the importance that is hitherto attached to it. The second objective is to examine the various processes that were involved in traditional marriage like the fattening institution and the visit of Ekpo (masquerade) to the fattened girl.


The scope of this study is traditional marriage among Ibiaku clan in Mkpatenin Local Government Area of AkwaIbom State. Although the researcher is going to be referring to traditional marriage elsewhere, but this work is limited to Ibiaku clan. In other words, this research will only focus on the traditional marriage system in Ibiaku clan within the period of 1900 to 2000. The researcher have chosen this period (1900-2000) as a reference point for the essay to be able to establish how the traditional marriage institutions in Ibiaku clan has evolved over the past century focusing on continuity and change in tradition.


In this work, primary and secondary sources were consulted. I interviewed Mr. EdetOnyong who is a son to the priest that performs traditional marriage. Mr. BasseyUmoren a participant in traditional marriage, Mrs. Nene James Effiong an eye witness to traditional marriage. The researcher interviewed them because they were relevant to this work based on the fact that they all did traditional marriage, which means they have the experience and are eye witness to traditional marriage in the clan. Secondary sourced that are relevant to this work were also used which were found in the University of Uyo library  


A number of literatures exist on traditional marriage across ethnic groups, but no specific one has been written on traditional system in Ibiaku clan. Thus, the books reviewed here are on traditional marriage elsewhere which will serve as background knowledge for the researcher. The work of Philip and Henry Marriage Laws in Africa defines marriage as “the voluntary union of man and woman intended to last for their joint lives” it is a state in which a man and woman live together in sexual relation with the approval of their social groups. This book is of great relevance to my work as the researcher will have to discuss the conditions in which a man and a woman can live together as husband and wife.

Parrinder, in his book titled “West Africa Traditional Religion, considered marriage as “a secular contract between two persons and families”2 he pointed out that in many countries the religious element is not great but enters as a final blessing. The books also discuss the fattening process and the female circumcision which he considers as the major and indeed indispensable component of the fattening ceremony, to him, it involves the cutting of the erotic areas (clitoridectomy and cutting of the labia minora). Parrinder’s book was very relevant to this researcher as discussion of the fattening institutions is also pertinent to this work.

Another book of value consulted was “Who Are the Ibibio? By Udo, the book looks at the institution of marriage as that which shapes and form the activities of the association known as family3. He defines the two forms of marriages prevailing in the clan that is polygamy and monogamy, to him, bride price is symbolic and does not have economic connotation Udo’s book was very relevant to this project work, but he failed to mention that bride price was returned to the husband in a case of divorce and separation which this researcher will like to discuss in due course of the essay.

Talbot in his book titled “The people of Southern Nigeria”. Wrote about the fattening house, he saw the fattening house as the first event in the life of an Ibibio girl that is the beginning of another important phase of her sojourn to womanhood4. to him, it is the process of making the girl muscularly hypertrophic and a process of learning mannerism. The book expatiated more on the need for a girl to be circumcised and the dignity that is associated with fattened girls. As one may agree that Talbot did justice in his work he however did not mention that a fattened girl can bleed to death in the process of circumcision, a fact that this researcher shall further expatiate on in the course of this research.

Also the book written by Akpan titled, “The Wooden Gong” provide an insight on the historical origin of fattening, he also noted that fattening was an effort to make the girl increase her size.5 in a way to make the girl increase her size, a female elder who specialized in the trade of fattening of girls is invited for the task of regular massaging of the girl, he stresses the need for the application of oil (palm oil) and a special powder known as Idout which also serve as a pigment or dye to add glamour to the complexion of the girl. This book is relevant to this essay as the researcher will have to discuss the importance of the regular application of oil and the special powder on the fattened girl. This essay is to set a balance to the traditional marriage, fattening institutions and the changes in traditional marriage system among Ibiaku clan which is due to the rapid economic growth and the adoption of western culture.


1.  Philip and Henry, F.M. Marriage laws in Africa. Ibadan: Longman, 1971, p. 43                                 

2.  Parrinder, E. G. African Traditional Religion. London: Sheldon press, 1974, p.103

3. Edet, A.U. Who Are The Ibibio? Onisha: Africana Fep. 1983, p. 103

4. Talbot, P.A. The People of Southern Nigeria. London: Epworth press, 1963, p. 130

5. Akpan, N.U. The Wooden Gong, London: Longman, 1965, p.4


Not What You Are Looking For?

For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.


  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.


How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!