QUALITY, ACCEPTABILITY AND MICROBIAL COMPOSITION OF ENSILED BREWERIES SPENT GRAINS WITH YAM PEELS

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 65  |  491 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Great emphasis continues to be placed on research into the use of alternative feedstuff for energy sources for livestock production in Nigeria as one of the major problems of ruminant animal production is forage scarcity especially in the dry season. During the rainy season, forages are relatively available and animals may gain weight easily and remain thrifty. The next six months are always followed by scarcity of forages as a consequence of the dry period resulting in standing hay and low-quality feed that eventually culminate in growth retardation of the animal (Babayemi et al., 2013). Apart from forage scarcity, forage quality is also one of the main problems that affect ruminant feeding in the tropics on which a low nitrogen (N) content and high lignifications have an effect (Medina et al., 2013). All this interferes with their digestibility and therefore with the benefits animal can obtain from them. However, feed accounts for 70-80% of the total cost of production in Nigeria (Ogunfowora, 2014). This is as a result of the fact that the conventional energy source that has the lion share is being competed for by man, livestock and industries. To solve the above-mentioned problem, is to search for or identify an alternative energy source such that can meet the nutrient requirement of farm animals less competed for by man and of no industrial usage (Akinmutini, 2014).

 

Yam peel (Dioscorea rutundata) is one of the various farm wastes that have such potentials (Adeyemo and Borrie, 2012). Yam peel is cheaply available in Nigeria (Akinmutimi et al., 2016). White yam peel consists of 11% crude protein with metabolizable energy of 2604Kcal/g (Akanno, 2014). Dioscorea rutundata peels are rich in amino acid (Eka 1985). There are several agro industrial by products that are also useful. One which deserves mention here is Brewer’s spent gain (also called spent grains, Brewer’s gain or Draft). It is a by-product of beer brewing consisting of the materials that remains after gains have been fermented. (Daccord, 2016). It consists primarily of grain husks, pericarp, and fragments of endosperm. By mass, spent grains consist of about half carbohydrates, and the rest being mostly protein and lignin. Carbohydrates include traces of starch, cellulose, glucans and arabinoxyland (Beldman et al., 2014). Spent grain is considered to be a good source of degradable proteins and water-soluble vitamins in animal feed they have been used in feeding both ruminant and monogastrics. Silage feeding is an effective and easily adaptable technique despite its limited application in tropical regions (Babayemi, 2015). Therefore, this study was designed to determine the acceptability, quality and microbiology of yam peels ensiled with brewer’s spent grain.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent