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Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  351 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000







One of the element of marketing strategy is promotion included also are price, product, and place. If the target public are not adequately communicated or not good knowledge about product/service, the marketing strategy exercise will fail organization firms need to use promotion to convey or create awareness about their product to the target audience.

However promotion is a popular variable through which an organization/ firm conveys or send message about their company and product or services such as consumers, suppliers, dealers etc. 

Marketing promotion is the main goal of marketing communication, which helps to project a positive image for an organization and its product before its relevant publics to facilitate acceptance and patronage.

Kernal et al (1968) observed that communication creates commonness in relationship between the organization and the largest publics to the extent that they both share information idea, thought or attitude. Ordinarily communication is intended to build store traffic purchase and increase usage and stock level, brand switching and stock piling.

The word communication is derived from the Latin word “communis” which means “common”. Therefore communication could be seen as the process of establishing a commonality or oneness of thought between a sender and a receiver. The above definition highlights two important ideas.

One communication is a process and as such  has elements and inter relationship, can be modeled and examined in a structure manner. Secondary, oneness of thought must be developed between the sender and receiver if true communication is to occur which imply that a sharing relationship must exist between the sender and receiver.

It is a common mistake to view the sender as the active member in the relationship and the receiver as passive. For instance a person (the sender) speaking to a day dreaming friend (the intended receiver). It must appear that communication no thought is being shared thus there is no communication between them. Lack of communication in this instance is the passivity of the intended receiver called one of the intended receiver Although sound waves are bouncing against his/ her eardrums, he/ she is not actively receiving and sharing thought. A human receiver can be likened to a television set, a television set is continuously bombarded by television (electro magnet) waves from several situation.

However. it will receive only the station to which the channel selector are timed. Human receiver like wise are bombarded with stimuli from many vision, a person selects one source tune to act.

Engel et al (1983) defined promotion as controlled integrated programmed of communication methods and material designed to present a company and its products to prospective customers, to communicate need satisfying attributes of the product to facilitate sales volume and thus contribute to long run profile able performance.

Consumers are able to patronize a product or services if only they  aware of its existence, quality,  price and availability. But they can know these through the elements of communication. As  Kotler (1988) identified them to be; they as  follows.

1.        Advertising

2.       Personal selling

3.       Public  relation

4.       Sales promotion

5.       Publicity

Through Recently, Kotler and Keller (2009) came up with the new idea that marketing communication consists of eight major modes of communication which are

Advertising Sales promotion Events and experiences Public Relations and publicity Direct marketing Interactive marketing Word of mouth marketing and Personal selling

The major aim of the marketing communication is to prompt people to take positive action by placing orders, making enquiring and purchasing.

Based on the company under study, emphasis will be laid on only these communication otherwise known as promo-tools. These communication include. Advertising, sales promotion and personal selling, Although, other promo-tools will be touched in this research work.            PROFILE OF THE COMPANY OF CASE STUDY.

Northern Bag Manufacturing Company Limited (Kano) was acquired by Nigerian Bag Manufacturing Co. on the 3rd of December 1990 from Danakar industries.

It commenced production of grain sacks in March 1991 with installed capacity of 1.5 million sacks per month.

During 2004, the management of Bagco approved a major expansion programme, which resulted in the acquisition of more plots of land, construction of three new factory bays and complete replacement of the existing machinery and generators.

From that time additional equipment has been installed which has increased the capacity of the factory to the ton of 10 million sacks per month which include various industrial sacks and jumbo bags (1 to 2 ton carrying capacity).

The expansion project has been completed in order to proliferate the installed capacity between 9 and 10 million sacks per month.


The problem is that in our present society there are some competitors who produce bags that are similar to the one Nothern Bag produce and also in a very low amount or cost, they manufactured also go into advertising, sales promotions personal selling and other promo-tool to create awareness and stimulate interest to their prospective customers. Another problems is that most Nigerians do not make use of marketing communication to enable them increase the volume of their sales in the maufacturing industry also Nigerian made goods lack recognition many do not believe that made in Nigerian goods are what they are and many find it difficult to trust their quality of made in Nigerians product and services, marketers gives false information about the goods and services at their disposal. The customer say that Nigerian goods do not always work what the manufactures are in the label of those products. Also a lot of imitation are in the market and they are sold at a cheaper price which affect the original goods even when marketing communication is effectively apply, the volume of sales will be very low.


The objective of the study is to identify the impact of effective marketing communication on manufacturing company. The following under listed points are the major objectives of this research work.

To determine the impact of effective marketing communication on manufacturing company. To find out how marketing communication affect the distribution channel of Nothern bags maufacturing company. To know the role of marketing communication in the sales volume of Nothern bags maufacturing company. To examine how product serves as a tool for marketing communication.


1.       Does marketing communication help in the achievement of sales volume of Nothern bags maufacturing company?

2.        Does marketing communication has any relationship between sales volume of Nothern bags manufacturing company?

3.        Does marketing communication help to influence customers buying behaviour?

4.        Does marketing communicatio contribute in increasing the potential customers and relating the actual customer?


The two type of Hypothesis used in this study are;

Null (Ho) and alternative (Hi) They are used below.

1      Ho: Marketing communication does not help in the achievement of sales volume of Nothern bags maufacturing company.

Hi: Marketing communication help in the achievement of   sales volume of Nothern bags maufacturing company.

2      Ho: There is no relationship between marketing       communication and increase in sales volume.

Hi: There is relationship between marketing communication and increase in sale volume.

3      Ho: Marketing communication dose not help to influence   consumer behaviour.

Hi: Marketing communication helps to influence consumer buying behaviour.


The relevance of the research work include the following.

a.    To me as a student: it is pre –requisite for the award of ------please fill here-----in marketing under the school of ------please fill here-----. It also serves as a means of bracketing my knowledge in the marketing field.

b.    To companies in manufacturing industry it help manufacturers discover the various effective means of directing their products to potential customers and thereafter increase sales volume of their products.

c.     To future researchers: It will be useful to future researchers that want to embark on a research work related to the problems under study.


The following terms are defined as thus;

Marketing communication:  It is the package of promotional efforts and strategies designed by marketing executive to attract the alternation and arouse buyer’s interest.

Sales promotion: It is a short term promotional tactic, providing an inducement to buy rather than to produce long- term effect.

Sales volume: This refers the quantity of sales of a product over specific time period usually one fiscal years.

Consumer: This is an individual who buy or uses the product or services offered for sale by the producer.

Consumer Behaviour: It is decision process and physical activity individual’s engage in when evaluating, acquiring, using or disposing goods and services.

Industry: This is the total number of firms /companies that produces particular goods and services that have close substitute.

Promotion: This is the act of communicating information between seller and potential buyer or other in the channel to influence attitude and behaviour.

Marketing: This is the performance of a set of systematically coordinated activities or functions aimed at need/ want identification and satisfaction at a profit, through the exchange process.

Marketing Mix: These are the controllable variables the company puts together to influence the target market. They include the 4ps of marketing product, price, promotion and place.

Product: This is the need satisfying offering of a firms.

Advertising: This is any paid form of non-personal presentation of ideas goods and services by and identified sponsor.

Personal selling: This is an aspect of marketing promotion done through face to face or person to person presentation of sales forces or an intermediary to the target market.

Direct Marketing: This is the use of  mail, telephone, fax, e-mail, or internet to communication directly with or solicit response or dialogue from specific customers and prospects.

Interactive Marketing: This include online activities and programs designed to engage customers or prospects and directly or indirectly raise awareness, improve image, or encourage sales of products and services.

Word of mouth Marketing: This has to do with people-to-people, written or electronic communications with relate to the merits or experiences of purchasing or using product or services.


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