THE IMPACT OF WORKERS’ PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT DECISIONS ON WORKERS’ WORK ATTITUDE
1.1 Background to the Study
The human resources are the life blood of any organisation because they meaningfully contribute to the efficient utilization of all other resources of the organization (Fagbohungbe and Longe 2009). As a matter of fact, all other organizational resources are likely going to remain worthless, useless and of no significance without the indispensable contributions of the workers who direct all efforts and resources in the right direction in the interest of the organization. Kuye (2008) opines that the implementation of organizational policies do suffer a lot of set-backs in an organization where the workers are not carried along in the decision making process. Adeoye (2012) is of the view that the organization that completely ignores workers contributions from the decisions making processes is likely going to be disconnected from its mission and vision statements because two good heads are always better than one. Of course, workers’ participation in management decision making is necessary if the organization expects creative and constructive ideas/thinking from the workers (Banjoko, 2006).
Adeoye (2012) claims that the good plans of the organization will likely walk and wallow into unimaginable failure because workers tend to frustrate management policies when they are not permitted to contribute their quota to management decisions making. Again, the management of an organization are likely going to make hasty or rigid decisions if workers on whom these decisions will have impacts are not allowed to make their contributions in management decision making processes (Fagbohungbe and Longe, 2009). Diversity brings varied knowledge, abilities, approaches and viewpoints that tend to add value to the decision made (Fajana, 2006). Of course, organizational growth, employees’ motivation, workers’ commitment, workers’ loyalty are some of the objectives of every organization, but, the organization will be far away from all these objectives if organization ignores the workforce when it comes to making decisions (Banjoko, 2010). There is usually a need for workers to be permitted to participate in management decisions so that they will not remain in the dark over issues that will have impact on their direction, destiny and destination (Adebakin, et al 2012)
Of course, the prosperity, progress and peace that any organization enjoys through employees’ participation in management decision are unimaginable because in unity the organization stands (Adebakin, et al 2012). It is true that every organization wishes that every worker is glued to the aspirations of the organisation and equally contribute meaningfully to the realization of the organization objectives, but, it an indisputable fact that only organizations that allow workers to take part in management decisions will enjoy an uninterrupted commitment of these workers (Obisi, 2010). It is true that the management and workers in an organization will frequently engage into industrial conflict and always see the negative side of almost everything within the organization is employees’ participation in management decisions is not given a chance.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
In a centralized organization, employees are not allowed to participate in decision making. This is because it is feared that they are not competent and as a result will not contribute meaningfully in decision of the organization. There has been a lot of controversy as to whether employees should participate in management decision making or not. Some writers argued that employees should contribute in making decision more especially where it affects them or their jobs. Other views are of the opinion that employees should be seen as human beings with social and economic needs and as such be allowed to participate in managerial decision making because it is expected that such participation will serve as training and testing ground for future members of upper management.
It is rather worrisome that despite the benefits of employees’ participation in management decisions, some organizations vehemently kick against employees’ participation in management decisions believing that the calibre of the persons at the managerial levels in the organization who direct the affairs of the organization are embodiments of knowledge, but they forget that there is limitation to human knowledge. There are other views that even view the workforce as the machine who should only be paid for services rendered and not to be permitted to meddle into management decisions because it is the sole duty of the management of the organization to think for the workers and not the other way round. What an illusion! This study will therefore examine the impact of employees’ participation on organizational productivity and equally proffer solutions and recommendations to problems identified in this study.
1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study
The aim of this study is the examination of the impact of impact of workers’ participation in management decisions on workers’ work attitude while the specific objectives are to:
i. discuss the significant relationship existing between democratic work setting and workers’ commitment.
ii. determine the significant relationship existing between good labour-management relations and workers’ motivation.
iii. examine the significant relationship existing between workers’ work involvement and workers’ performance.
iv.evaluate the significant relationship existing between collective responsibility and organizational harmony.
1.4 Relevant Research Questions
i. Does any significant relationship exist between democratic work setting and workers’ commitment?
ii. Is there significant relationship existing between good labour-management relations and workers’ motivation?
iii. Does any significant relationship exist between workers’ work involvement and workers’ performance?
iv. Does any significant relationship exist between collective responsibility and organizational harmony?
1.5 Relevant Research Hypotheses
Ho: There is no significant relationship existing between democratic work setting and workers’ commitment.
Ho: There is no significant relationship existing between good labour-management relations and workers’ motivation.
Ho: There is no significant relationship existing between workers’ work involvement and workers’ performance.
Ho: There is no significant relationship existing between collective responsibility and organizational harmony.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The importance of this study can be drawn from the statement of the problems and purposes above.
1. The study will educate management of the organization on the necessity of employees’ participation in management decision making.
2. The study will discuss the relationship between employees’ participation and organizational harmony.
3. The study will also discuss the relationship between employees’ participation and labour management relations.
1.7 Scope of the Study
A defined scope is the hall-mark of a good research. This study will address the impact of workers’ participation in management decisions on workers’ work attitude; factors necessitating workers’ participation in management, prerequisites for workers’ participation in management decisions in UBA Plc, Lagos.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Management: The process of planning, organizing, coordinating and controlling of both human and materials resources to achieve set objectives.
Motivation: The tonic that spurs the workers to go the extra mile for better performance.
Productivity: The amount of output per unit of input (labour, equipment and capital.
Employee: An individual who works part time or full time under a contract of employment, whether oral or written, expressed or implied and has recognized rights and duties.
Decision: The choice made out of several alternatives
Decision making: The process of selecting a choice from among alternative a course of action.
Employees’ participation: This is creating an environment in which people have an impact on decisions and actions that affect their jobs in the organization.
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