Select Currency
Translate this page

EFFECTS OF FERTILIZERS ON SOIL MICROBIAL DIVERSITY, GROWTH AND YIELD OF TWO PASTURE GRASSES

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  620 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

EFFECTS OF FERTILIZERS ON SOIL MICROBIAL DIVERSITY, GROWTH AND YIELD OF TWO PASTURE GRASSES

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page………………………i

Certification………………………iii

Dedication………………………iv

Acknowledgment……………………v

Table of contents ……………………vii

List of Tables………………………x

Abstract………………………x

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION-------1

Objective of the Study-------3

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review-------4

2.1Soil Microbial Diversity.------4

2.2Effects of Anthropogenic Waste Liquid on Soil Microbes--5

2.3Effects of Chemical Fertilizers on Soil Microbes---5

2.4Effects of Cattle Dung on Soil Microbes----6

2.5Human Urine as a Fertilizer------6

Response of panicum maximum to Fertilization---7

2.7Response of sorghum almum to Fertilization----7

2.8 Description of Test Crops------8

2.8.1 panicum maximum --------8

2.8.2 sorghum almum -------9

CHAPTER THREE

3.0Materials and Method-------10

3.1Experimental Site-------10

3.2Collection of soil Sample, Seed and Fertilizer---10

3.3Experimental Layout-------13

3.4 Fertilizer Application-------13

3.5 Data Collection--------14

3.5.1 Sward Height (cm)-------14

3.5.2 Sward Re-growth (cm) -------14

3.5.2 Fresh Herbage Yield (g) ------14

3.5.3 Dry Herbage Yield (g)-------14

3.6 Statistical Analysis-------14

3.7 Soil Sample Microbial Analysis------15

3.7.1 Enumeration of Micro-Organism in Soil Samples From Different Treatments using the Serial Dilution Method.----15

3.7.2 Equipment Used:-------15

3.7.3 Materials: ----------15

3.7.4 Medium Used: ---------15

3.7.5 Media Preparation-------15

3.7.6 Preparation of Sample: -------16

3.7.7 Inoculation: ---------16

3.7.8 Incubation: ---------16

CHAPTER FOUR

Result ----------18

CHAPTER FIVE

Discussion---------27

CHAPTER SIX

Conclusion ----------27

Reference---------29

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Physical and Chemical Properties of the Experimental soil-12

Table 2: Effect of Fertilizer on Sward Height at 2,4 and 6 weeks after sowing.20

Table 3: Effect of Fertilizers on the Sward Regrowth at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after sowing ---------22

Table 4:Effect of Fertilizers on Herbage Yield ----24

Table 5: Enumeration of Microbial Population for the Various Treatment.-26

ABSTRACT

A 6 month study was conducted in the screen house and laboratory of the Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City. The objective was to ascertain the effects of fertilizers on soil microbial diversity growth and yield of two forage grasses. The experiment was set up in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) arrangement. There were 10 factorial treatments, made up from five fertilizers (Control, Anthropogenic liquid waste a (1:3 and 1:6 dilutions), NPK and cattle dung) and two forage grasses (Sorghum almum and Panicum maximum) replicated three times. The parameters measures were sward height, sward regrowth, fresh and dry herbage yields. Serial dilution of the fertilized soils was carried out to enumerate the microbial populations. Generally, Anthropogenic liquid waste (1:3) and NPK(15:15:15) were equal in performance and better than the other fertilizers in terms of herbage growth (sward height and sward regrowth). Anthropogenic liquid waste (1:3) produced the significantly highest fresh and dry herbage yields among the fertilizers. Furthermore Anthropogenic liquid waste (1:3) favoured the highest proliferation of microbes. The favourable response of the grasses and the higher microbial population in the soil treated with Anthropogenic liquid waste implies that this fertilizer contains high quantities of readily available plant nutrients.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!