Select Currency
Translate this page

CAUSES AND EFFECT OF EROSION

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 50  |  811 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

ABSTRACT

This research work was designed to examine the causes and effect of soil erosion in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. Five (5) research questions were formulated and questionnaires were administered to one hundred (100) respondents in order to gather data for the research. Results showed that agricultural activities lead to soil erosion, improper soil management cause erosion, deforestation lead to erosion etc. Recommendations were made and it include that;

Sustainable soil management systems must be developed to reduce further degradation and restore the productivity of the eroded land. T The management options to reduce the soil loss are to implement conservation measures and/or to change the crop to be planted. Soil conservation methods including terraces and bunds as well as semi-permeable structures like grass strips should be used as barriers to holdback runoff and sediment carried with it. Agronomic measures like contour plowing have the advantage to reduce runoff and soil loss.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Erosion is recognized as one of the world's most serious environmental problems (Pimentel et al., 2015, Shiferaw and Holden, 2015). Globally, about 80% of the current degradation of agricultural land is caused by soil erosion (Angima et al., 2013). Erosion by water, at a global scale, is the main soil degradation process in agricultural areas (Bewket and Sterk 2012). It generates strong environmental impacts and major economic losses from decreased agricultural production and from off-site effects on infrastructure and water quality by sedimentation processes (Zinabu et al., 2012; Daba, 2013; Haregeweyn et al., 2005; Amsalu et al., 2017).

 

Erosion creates severe limitations to sustainable agricultural land use, as it reduces on-farm soil productivity and causes food insecurity (Tadesse, 2011; Sonneveld, 2012; Beshah, 2013, Moges and Holden, 2016, Bewket, 2017). In most developing countries human activity triggers these losses (Mohammad et al., 2011, Belyaev et al., 2014, Bewket and Sterk, 2015, Hurni et al., 2015). This is associated with rapid population growth, inadequate attention to the basic natural resources (soils, water and vegetation), and the need to maximize production to meet the needs of the growing population (Shiferaw and Holden, 2015, 2010, Bewket, 2012, Feoli et al., 2012). This situation is more serious in poor developing countries where subsistence production predominates. The average farmer who cultivates one hectare of food crops and keeps some livestock, is nowadays dependent on natural conditions and cannot tolerate further deterioration of soil productivity (Sonneveld and Keyzer, 2013). Increasing population, intense land cultivation, uncontrolled grazing, and deforestation often lead to, or exacerbate, soil erosion (Tadesse, 2011and Bewket, 2012). These factors undermine agricultural productivity and frustrate economic development efforts, especially in developing countries where there is heavy land dependence (Shiferaw and Holden, 2010) in low external-input farming systems.

 

Statement of Problem

Erosion is considered as one of major land degradation process in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State which is also the main source of environmental deterioration. It creates negative impacts on agricultural production, infrastructure and water quality (Vrieling, 2016).  Erosion is also the natural phenomenon (geological process) which is caused by natural force; it can be more accelerated when the process is influenced by human activities (human-induced erosion). It is considered that the accelerated erosion is a serious global problem and widely recognized (de Graaf, 2016). With the accelerated erosion, it can affect agronomic/biomass productivity (on-site effect) and flooding, sedimentation of reservoirs, siltation of agriculture field and decrease of water quality downstream (off-site effects). The two important agents of erosion are wind and water (Hudson, 2016).

 

The study area is located in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State. This area is an intensive agricultural areas in Edo State for years now. The conversion of the tropical rain forest to agricultural system has been taking place. With the increasing population, the cultivation in the mountainous area has been taking place. The primary forest is replaced by the maize, plantain, paw-paw, yams, and other crop types. The removal of natural forest and vegetation cover in steep slope and followed by improper land use practices have led to the various land degradation problems in the area. Each year during the rainy season a lot of topsoil is eroded and the agricultural lands are affected. On the other hand; the eroded soil and sediments which are transported by the surface runoff affect the downstream cultivation land.

 

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to have clear understanding of the causes and effect of erosion in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State.

The specific objectives are:

1) To identify the practices that accelerates erosion in the study area.

2) To discuss the perception of the people in relations to the effect of erosion on the agricultural potentials and performance of the communities in Ovia North East.

 

RESEARCH QUESTION

Do agricultural activities lead to erosion? Does deforestation lead to erosion? Does improper soil management cause erosion? Is urbanization a major effect on erosion processes? Does climate change contribute to erosion problem? 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study helps to know the extent at which the resident of Ovia North East participate in unhealthy activities that lead to erosion in the area. It will also provide the information about the major causes of erosion in the study area.

It will enlighten the general public on the ways erosion can be control/reduced in the study area.

It will serve as a source of information to government and the ministry of environments on steps to take in tackling the menace of erosion in the study area. It will also provide information to the local government authority on the causes and effect of erosion and ways to solving the problem of erosion in Ovia North East.   

 

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study is set out to determine the causes and effect of erosion in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. Therefore, the study is restricted to five communities in the area of study. The communities include: Ekiadolor, Ovbiogie, Iguedaiken, Iguikhinmwin and Iyowa community. Respondents include farmers, students, teachers, civil servants, youths, and drivers.

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Soil Erosion:- “The wearing away of the land surface by physical forces such as rainfall, runoff water, wind, ice, temperature change, gravity.

Wind erosion: Is a major geomorphologic force, especially in arid and semi-arid regions.

Exfoliation: Is a type of erosion that occurs when a rock is rapidly heated up by the sun.

Vegetation: Is the interface between the atmosphere and the soil.

Deforestation: The continuous felling of trees without replanting.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!