THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY ON THREE TYPES OF MEDICATED SOAPS (DETOL, ISOL, TURA) ONSTAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS FROM WOUND INFECTION

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 75  |  378 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to Pelage et al (1986) antibacterial activity is the ability to either destroy bacteria or inhibit their growth. This is significant with respects to the human body in preventing sepsis and skin infections. Also Derland (1981) states that medicated soap have the germicidal substance like chloroxylenol, Trichlorocarbamide, potassium, Mercury iodide etc. incorporated into them in order to enhance their antibacterial activity. These germicide substance are normally added in a specified amount and percentage of the substance used are always stated on the soap case or inside the leaflet which contains the information on how to use the soap for various purposes.

Anon (1984) states that soap may be defined as a chemical compound resulting from the interaction of fatty acids, oil caustic soda (alkali) possessing the characteristic soap like properties of detergents, surface tension lowering wetting and emulsifiying power and gel formation. Carboxylic acids with long, unbranched chains of carbon atoms are called fatty acids because they are formed form fats by a hydrolysis reaction called saponification. Palmitic acid is an example of fatty acid eg C15 H31COOH (Hexadecanoic acid).

All fatty oils and fats are mixtures of glycoside compounds (esters) of trihydric alcohol, glycosides and some fatty acid such as palmitic acid.  The chemistry of soap manufacturing may be expressed by the following equation which is known as saponification.

C2H5COOH     + NaOH                  C2H5COONa  +  H2O

Ethanoic acid    Caustic soda          Sodium              Water

Anon (1984) further explain that abacterial soap contain existentially of the following 0.1 to 3% weight based on the total weight of the soap. 0 to 10% by weight based on the total weight of the soap in a compound of formular R – CO – N1 – CH2COOH.

Here R represent an akyl or alkene group.

Antibacterial soap is any cleaning product to which active antibacterial ingredient have been added, these chemicals kill bacteria and microbes, but are no more effective at deactivating viruses than any other kind of soap or detergent, and they also kill non pathogenic bacterial.

Ingredients

Most liquid hand and body soaps contain antibacterial chemicals. Triclosan is a common ingredients. Since there is a great variety of bacteria, effectiveness against any  type of bacterium does not ensure that it is effective against unrelated types. These are generally only contained at preservative, level unless the product is marked antibacterial, antiseptic or germicidal.

Triclosan, Triclocarbon/Trichlorocarbamide and PCMx/Chloroxylenol are commonly used for antibacterial and deodorant effect in consumer products.

Some soaps contain tetrasodium EDTA which is a chelating agent that sequenters metals that the bacterial require   metals and so it is actually an antimicrobial agent that is widely used even as a preservative, it appears to be fairly harmless in the environment. Sykes (2000) described sterilization as the complete destruction of all living. In medical sense it is often used in a restricted sense to refer to the destruction of pathogenic organisms only.

According to William (1979) wound is defined as description of cellular and anatomic continuity while its healing is the restoration of continuity. That biological process can only be accomplished by regeneration, cell proliferation and collage production which can be alleviated washing the woundsurface especially with medicated soap which due to it concert of phenolic compound help in keeping off organisms likestaphylococcus aureus Escherichia coli and pseudomonas aeruginosa always from the wound to a certain stage. Wound can also result when the operative barrier of the skin is breached by traumatic invasion or whether it is caused by trauma or internationally by surgery. The open area is susceptible to microbial invasion and once a wound has become infected pus form in the injured area resulting to wound abbess.

Baker et al described antiseptics as the most convenient way of preventing infection usually by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and most disinfectant when suitable diluted have the antiseptic action. Different method are employed for the destruction of bacterial or for getting rid of them and those method can be conveniently divided into chemical, physical and mechanical methods.

GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!