AN APPRAISAL OF THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT AND REASONING

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 56  |  1164 Users found this project useful  |  Price ₦3,000

  DOWNLOAD FULL PROJECT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

It is sometimes assumed that a person’s values are formed during childhood and do not change after. A great deal of psychological research as well as One’s own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways. Just as peoples’ physical, Emotional, and cognitive abilities develop as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues develop as they move through their lives. In fact, just as there are identifiable stages of growth in the physical development so the ability to make reasoned moral judgments also develop in identifiable stages. As children we are simply told what is right and what is wrong and we obey so as to avoid punishment; the child adherence to moral standards is essentially self-absorbed for the avoidance of pain.

As we mature into adolescence, these conventional moral standards are gradually internalized Adherence to moral standards is now based on living up to the expectation of family, friends and the surrounding society. We do what is right because it is what our groups expect of us. It is only as rational and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion. We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences and to revise them where they are inadequate, inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of moral standard that are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of others with taking care of ourselves. Moral reasoning refers to the reasoning process by which human behavior, institution s or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards. Moral reasoning always involves two essential components; An understanding of what reasonable moral standards require, prohibits, value or condemn; Evidence or information that shows that a particular person, policy, institution, or behavior has the kinds of features that these moral standards require, prohibits, value or condemn.

In many cases, one or more of the three components involved in a person’s moral reasoning are not expressed. More often than not people will fail to make explicit the moral standards on which their moral judgments are based. The main reason that moral standards are often not made explicit is that they are generally presumed to be obvious. People put more of their efforts into producing evidence that a given policy, institution or action conforms to, or violates their unexpressed standards than they put identifying or explaining the moral standards on which their judgments rely. Failure to make ones moral standards explicit leaves one vulnerable to all the problems created by basing critical decision on unexamined assumptions. The assumptions may be inconsistent, they may have no rational basis and they may lead the decision maker into unwittingly making decision with undesirable consequences. The research therefore seeks to provide an appraisal of the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning.

1.2    Statement of the Problem

A great deal of psychological research as well as one’s own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways. Just as peoples physical, emotional, and cognitive abilities develops as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues develops as they move through their lives. Infact, just as there are identifiable stages of growth in the physical development so the ability to make reasoned moral judgments also develop in identifiable stages. Studies showed that as a child and during the adolescent period, we internalize moral values transferred to us by our parents, friends or group.

It is only as rational and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion. We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences and to revise them where they are inadequate, inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of moral standard that are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of others with taking care of ourselves. The inability to understand and identify moral standards as well as possess moral reasoning is a setback to making decisions that are judged to be of moral standard. Therefore the problem confronting this study is to provide an appraisal of the nature and impact of moral development and reasoning with a case study of students of the Federal University of Technology Akure.

1.3     Objective of the Study

1.To examine the impact of moral development on the reasoning of students.

2.  To ascertain the relationship between moral development and reasoning.

1.4   Research Question

1.  Does moral development impact on the reasoning of students?

2.  Is there a relationship between moral development and reasoning?

1.5    Statement of the Hypotheses

Ho1: Moral development has no significant impact on the reasoning of students.

Ho2:  There is no relationship between moral development and reasoning.

1.6    Significance of the Study

The study is significant in determining the importance of maturity in decision making that have moral standards and implications.  As moral development evolve through stages and that is only as rational and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion, we then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences and to revise them where they are inadequate, inconsistent, or unreasonable. This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.

1.7    Scope of the Study

The study proffers an appraisal of the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning, it analyses the nature of moral development and moral reasoning and elucidates on its significance. It provides a case study on selected students of the Federal University of Technology Akure to determine their moral development and reasoning and the effect it has on their quality of decisions.

1.8    Definition of Terms

Moral Development: A great deal of psychological research as well as one’s own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways. Just as people’s physical, emotional, and cognitive abilities develops as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues develops as they move through their lives.

Moral Reasoning: Moral   reasoning refers to the reasoning process by which human behavior, institution s or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards.

Ethics: Ethics refers to the principles of and standard of moral behavior that are accepted by society as right versus wrong. To make the right choice, or at least the best choice from among competing alternatives, individuals must think through the consequences of their actions. Ethics can be defined as a set of principles of right conduct. It can also be defined as a theory or a system of moral values.

Morality: Morality is defined as the standards that an individual or group has about what is right and wrong or good and evil.

  DOWNLOAD FULL PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For QUICK Help Call Us Now!

+234 813 292 6373


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on 0813-292-6373 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: (+234) 813-292-6373 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: (+234) 813-292-6373

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!